Bio-Waste as Potential Activated Carbon in Remediating Dye Solution

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Nik Raihan Nik Yusoff, PhD (Editor) – Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia
Noor Syuhadah Subki, PhD (Editor)
Rozidaini Mohd Ghazi, PhD (Editor)

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: TEC010020

This book introduces the use of bio-waste as a raw material for the preparation of activated carbon (AC) for dyes removal. Activated carbon was derived from assorted materials that have potential to function as a good adsorbent, especially for dyes removal in wastewater treatment. This book was written as a case study to help readers understand the function of AC in each system and approach. This book includes applications of AC derived from corncob; palm tree empty fruit bunch; seashell; eggshell; spent coffee ground; rubber wood saw dust; kenaf fiber and coconut frond in dyes removal and wastewater treatment. The efficiency of activated carbon prepared from various bio-wastes is evaluated by calculating the removal rate of dyes in wastewater. This unique book features eight chapters pertinent to the current situation, as loads of dye effluent are being discharged into the environment. The characterization of the produced AC is analysed using various instrumentations such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIRS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The book will attract Eastern and Western researchers and scholars at all levels of degree qualification, industrial practitioners and entrepreneurs in the field of bio-waste.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Removal of Dye from Batik Effluent Using Activated Carbon from Rubber Wood Sawdust and Kenaf Fiber Produced by Microwave Processing
(Feifeiizaney Shafeizzalinda, Mohd Shafiq Shamsuddin and Nik Raihan Nik Yusoff, Department of Natural Resources and Sustainable Science, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 2. Optimization of Activated Carbon Fabrication Derived from Spent Coffee Grounds for the Removal of Malachite Green
(Mardawani Mohamad, Lam Keat Ying and Lim Jun Wei, Faculty of Bioengineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 3. Activated Carbon from Coconut Frond as Adsorbent for Removal of Rhodamine B Dye
(Rosmawani Mohammad, Hasmalina Faizol and Mardawani Mohamad, Faculty of Bioengineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia)

Chapter 4. Response Surface Optimization of Malachite Green Removal Using Activated Carbon Derived from Palm Tree Empty Fruit Bunch
(Nur Syuhada Razali and Rozidaini Mohd Ghazi, Department of Natural Resources and Sustainable Science, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia)

Chapter 5. Adsorption Studies on the Removal of Methylene Blue Dye Using Meretrix Lamarckii Shell as Biosorbent
(Thong Mei Qi and Noor Syuhadah Subki, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia)

Chapter 6. Eggshell as an Adsorbent for Bromophenol Blue Dye Removal
(Nik Nabila Ghazali and Musfiroh Jani, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia)

Chapter 7. Methyl Orange Removal Using Corncob Activated Carbon
(Muhammad Zharif Jasni, Nor Hakimin Abdullah and Mohamad Faiz Mohd Amin, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 8. Optimization of Methyl Orange Dye Removal by Activated Carbon of Oil Palm Trunk (OPT) Using Response Surface Methodology
(Nor Hakimin Abdullah, Nurul Intan Nadirah Mohd Idris and Mohamad Azwani Shah Mat Lazim, Faculty of Bioengineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia, and others)

Index

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