Bio and Research Ethics: Issues, Perspectives and Challenges of the 21st Century


Marcella C. Cole (Editor)

Series: Ethical Issues in the 21st Century
BISAC: PHI005000

As a scientific, materialist worldview becomes increasingly difficult to repudiate, and as philosophers increasingly uncover and articulate the conceptual nature of morality and distinctively moral normativity, the threat of moral anti-realism becomes more and more real. This perspective is argued in Chapter One. Chapter Two discusses how laws and bioethical trends that pertain to the clinical management of patients in a vegetative coma differ from country to country and continue to give rise to unresolved legal debates and scientific controversy. Chapter Three covers how caregivers in palliative care must be supported to better understand patient’s hopes and needs, making them comfortable to decide when or how much they want to eat. Chapter Four synthesizes findings from four empirical studies conducted in Western Africa (Togo) on topics related to the autonomy (end of life decision-making among terminally-ill patients), benevolence and non-malevolence (breaking bad news to elderly patients and their families), and justice (informal payments to physicians, criminal prosecution in cases of HIV transmission) principles of bioethics. Finally, Chapter Five argues that expert members in Ethics committees have an unfair upper-hand, with their decisions trumping other debates in committee deliberations. Qualitative research is brought to bear which illustrates this and which also notes how expertise dilutes the training given to newly appointed ethics committee members. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. A New Vision for Bioethics: A Non-Cognitivist Conception of Bioethical Discourse
Cameron Davis (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA)

Chapter 2. Persistent and Permanent Vegetative State: Bioethical and Medico-Legal Issues
Carlo Moreschi, MD, Ugo Da Broi* MD, PhD (Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, Section of Forensic Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy)

Chapter 3. Nutritional Intervention and Bioethics Challenges in Palliative Care for Advanced Cancer Patient
M.O. Benarroz, H.H. Scapulatempo, S.M.A. da Silva and M.S. dos Santos (Americas Centro de Oncologia Integrado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Chapter 4. Western African Lay People’s and Health Professionals’ Views Regarding Pressing Issues in Bioethics
Lonzozou Kpanake and Etienne Mullet (University of Quebec at Montreal (TelUQ), Montreal, Canada, and others)

Chapter 5. Research Ethics Committees: The Expert Members’ Role
Stephen J. Humphreys (Cranfield University Research Ethics Committee, Cranfield University, Cranfield, England)


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