Between Success and Failure: Assessment of Aspirations and Risk (CD Included)

$95.00

Roland Paulauskas, Ph.D.
Senior Mental Health Advisor, Corrections System Support Program, Arlington, VA
Siauliai University in Siauliai, Lithuania

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions
BISAC: PSY013000

In this book, Roland Paulauskas presents the analysis of motivational and behavioral economic theories of the level of aspirations and risk taking behavior. The author proposes a dynamic/multiple reference point decision making model that distinguishes three qualitative phases of the choosing process in the level of aspirations situations. Contrary to some of the behavioral economic theories, he suggests that decision making strategy in most cases is determined by the leverage of rationality and emotionality during the appraisal phase of the decision making process. Predominance of cognitive mechanisms determines whether the chooser will utilize heuristic or risk aversive strategies, whereas prevalence of emotional reactions tends to sway the decision maker towards inconsistent or risk seeking approaches. To support his hypothesis, Paulauskas developed and utilized a computerized test entitled the Standardized Assessment of the Level of Aspirations. CD with the test is included in the publication. (Nova)

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Table of Contents

Foreword

Introduction

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. The Origins of the Concept of the Level of Aspirations (pp. 1-18)

Chapter 2. Transition to the Paradigm of Achievement Motivation (pp. 19-28)

Chapter 3. Beyond the Paradigm of Achievement Motivation: Causal Attribution, Self-Efficacy and Goal-Setting Theories (pp. 29-42)

Chapter 4. Aspirations and Risk Taking Behavior (pp. 43-60)

Chapter 5. Integrating the Level of Aspirations and Decision under Risk Theories (pp. 61-70)

Chapter 6. The Description of the Standardized Assessment of the Level of Aspirations (SALA) (pp. 71-74)

Chapter 7. Testing Procedure Instructions (pp. 75-100)

Chapter 8. Administration and Scoring of the SALA (pp. 101-104)

Chapter 9. The SALA Indicators (pp. 105-108)

Chapter 10. Findings and their Interpretation (pp. 109-118)

Chapter 11. Reliability and Validity of the SALA (pp. 119-122)

Chapter 12. Case Vignettes (pp. 123-136)

Summary (pp. 137-144)

References (pp. 145-156)

About the Author (pp. 157-158)

Index (pp. 159)


Audience: Practicing psychologists; college and university faculty; researchers in the area of cognition, motivation and behavior; vocational psychology; sports psychology; as well as graduate and undergraduate psychology students.

Keywords: Level of aspirations, decision making under uncertainty or risk, causal attribution, self-efficacy

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