Bentonite: Characteristics, Uses and Implications for the Environment

Ajay Kumar Mishra, PhD (Editor)
Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability Unit, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Florida Science Campus, Johannesburg, South Africa

Series: Geology and Mineralogy Research Developments
BISAC: SCI048000

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Bentonite are usually found in deep geographical areas. They are produced from rock, fossils, weathering of volcanic ash and disposal of high-level of radioactive waste in many countries. Bentonite mainly consist of clay mineral such as montmorillinite and kaolinite. They mainly exist in cationic form of organic compounds such as aromatic or aliphatic hydrocarbon and are employed to modify high cations exchange capacity, higher structural integrity, thermal conductivity, high chemical buffering capacity, and stiffness.

Bentonite is a layer of natural silicate clay mineral having numerous properties such as large specific surface area, great absorption and interlayer exchangeable cation. Bentonite consists of outstanding physico-chemical properties which make it applicable in the areas such as water treatment, medical, groundwater barrier, farming, and construction. They are well known to be one of the most versatile and inexpensive treatments.

The current book describes the bentonite characteristic, uses and implications for the environment in many areas of environmental science in particular, such as remediation, clean energy, water research and waste management. Researchers working in the area will benefit from the fundamental concepts and advanced approaches described in the book. The book is going to also be beneficial to researchers who are working for their graduate and postgraduate degrees in the area of science and technology.

The book also provides a platform for all researchers as it covers a wide background in the subject from recent literature, abbreviations, and summaries. Additionally, this book covers a broader research area of chemistry, physics, environmental science, materials science, polymer science and engineering to present an interdisciplinary approach. This book contains the fundamental knowledge as well as recent advancements in the research and development of bentonite. The book also covers recent approaches and prospects about the current research and development of bentonite. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Clay and Clay-supported Materials for Clean Energy Storage Applications
(Nicholas M. Musyoka and Henrietta W. Langmi, HySA Infrastructure Centre of Competence, Materials Science and Manufacturing, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa)

Traditional and Modern uses of Bentonite Clay and Implications on the Environment
(Derrick S. Dlamini)

Organo-Bentonite Adsorbents for Dyes and other Organic Pollutants in Water
(Susmita Sen Gupta1 and Krishna G Bhattacharyya, Department of Chemistry, B N College, Dhubri, Assam, India)

Bentonite and its Composites: Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Water
(Sadanand Pandey and Shivani B. Mishra, Department of Applied chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontien, Johannesburg, South Africa)

Applications of Bentonite and its role as a base of Engineering Chemistry
(Tanvir Arfin, Environmental Materials Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering, Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur, India)

Utility of Bentonite Composite for Wastewater Treatment
(Rohit Bhatia, Bharti Arora, Jitender Gaur, Eun Ha Choi, and Pankaj Attri, Department of Science and life, Satyawati college, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, and others)

Bentonite: A Versetile Clay
(Pradeep Pratap Singh, and Ambika, Department of Chemistry, Swami Shraddhanand College, University of Delhi, Delhi, and others)

Index

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