Axons: Cell Biology, Molecular Dynamics and Roles in Neural Repair and Rehabilitation


Hiroyuki Yamamoto (Editor)
Human Metabolome Technologies, Inc., 246-2 Mizukami, Kakuganji, Tsuruoka, Yamagata, Japan

Aki Oshiro (Editor)

Series: Neuroanatomy Research at the Leading Edge, Neurology – Laboratory and Clinical Research Developments
BISAC: SCI017000

Axons are nerve fibers that typically conduct electrical impulses away from the neuron’s cell body. The function of the axon is to transmit information to different neurons, muscles and glands. In this book, the authors discuss the cell biology, molecular dynamics and role in neural repair and rehabilitation of axons. Topics include the traumatic retraction of living neural processes and their inhibitions; water translocation from the axoplasm into the glioplasm during reactive reorganization of myelinated nerve fibers; problems and mechanisms in axonal afterdischarges; the putative role of axon cytoskeleton protein in MS repair; microtubules as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases; morphometrical and molecular biological analyses of facial nerves in healthy adults and patients with facial nerve palsy; intrinsic axon growth potential; and sensory axonal guidance by chemorepulsive and chemoattractive cues in higher vertebrates. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Traumatic Retraction of Living Neural Processes and its Inhibition
(O.S. Sotnikov, N. Yu. Vasyagina, S.S. Sergeeva, Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Water Translocation from the Axoplasm into the Glioplasm during Reactive Reorganisation of Myelinated Nerve Fibers
(O.S. Sotnikov, T.N. Kokurina, Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Axonal Afterdischarges: Problems and Mechanisms
(A.G. Dimitrov, N.A. Dimitrova, Institute of Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Putative Role of Axon Cytoskeleton Proteins in MS Repair: Specific Up-Regulation of Oligodendrocyte Growth and Protection from Lysophosphatidyl Choline Toxiciy <i>in Vitro>/i>
(Catherine Fressinaud, Joël Eyer, LUNAM, Neurology Department, University Hospital, Angers, France, and others)

Microtubules as a Potential Therapeutic Target for the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases
(Viswanath Das, John H. Miller, Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, Hnìvotínská, Olomouc, Czech Republic, and others)

Morphometrical and Molecular Biological Analyses of Facial Nerves in Healthy Adults and Patients with Facial Nerve Palsy
(Hiroshi Moriyama, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Section of Gross Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, and others)
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Revisiting the Question of Intrinsic Axon Growth Potential
(Shiri P. Yaniv, Oren Schuldiner, Dept. of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Sciences, Rehovot, Israel)

Sensory Axonal Guidance by Chemorepulsive and Chemoattractive Cues in the Higher Vertebrates
(Tomoyuki Masuda, Hiroyuki Yaginuma, Takashi Shiga, Department of Neurobiology, University of Tsukuba School of Medicine, Ibaraki, Japan, and others)


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