Automotive Exhaust Emissions and Energy Recovery

Apostolos Pesiridis, PhD (Editor)
College of Engineering, Design and Physical Sciences, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Concerns for fuel economy and reduced emissions have focused the attention of automotive internal combustion engine manufacturers on the exhaust system and towards technological developments to both reduce fuel consumption and emissions, as well as account for the still significant levels of waste exhaust energy that can be recovered.

The present volume on Automotive Exhaust Emissions and Energy Recovery for both gasoline and diesel engines is, therefore, a timely one. Whereas diesel engines are predominantly turbocharged, only a relatively small percentage of gasoline engines is similarly equipped which has led towards significant efforts by engine manufacturers in recent years to downsize and downspeed these engines. On the other hand, the relative focus in engine development, in terms of emissions and exhaust energy recovery is shifting towards developments beyond the conventional turbocharger, especially in Diesel engines, for enhanced energy recovery and in emissions control technologies to allow the engines of the future to keep up with the twin demand for very low emissions and increasing levels of fuel economy.

Automotive Exhaust Emissions and Energy Recovery focuses on the exhaust system and on the technologies and methods used to reduce emissions and increase fuel economy through the use of emissions control technologies and biofuels as well as by capitalizing upon the exhaust gas energy availability either in the form of gas kinetic energy or as waste heat extracted from exhaust gas. It is projected that in the short to medium term, advances in exhaust emissions and energy recovery technologies will lead the way in internal combustion engine development and pave the way towards increasing levels of engine hybridization until full electric vehicle technology can claim a level of maturity and corresponding market share to turn the bulk of this focus away from the internal combustion engine.

The present book is aimed at engine research professionals in the industry and academia as well as students of power train engineering. The collection of articles in this book aims to review both the fundamentals of relevant, recent exhaust system technologies but to also detail recent or on-going projects and to uncover future research directions and possibilities in this area, where relevant. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - Emissions Mitigation and Control Systems (pp. 1-28)
David Lemon (David Lemon Consultants)

Chapter 2- Experimental Investigation of In-Cylinder NOx and Soot Formation by Means of Optical Techniques in a CR Diesel Engine Fuelled with Oxygenated Fuel (pp. 29-52)
Silvana Di Iorio, Ezio Mancaruso and Bianca Maria Vaglieco (Istituto Motori – CNR Naples, Italy)

Chapter 3 - Emissions in Diesel Engine with Different Rates of EGR (pp. 53-90)
Lucas Lázaro Ferreira Squaiella, Cristiane Aparecida Martins and Pedro T. Lacava (Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, and Departamento de Propulsão, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil)

Chapter 4 - Particulate Matter Emissions during Transient Diesel Engine Operation with Various Diesel/Biofuel Blends (Biodiesel, Ethanol and N-Butanol) (pp. 91-130)
Evangelos G. Giakoumis (School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical Univ. of Athens, Greece)

Chapter 5 - Exhaust Gas Aftertreatment Technologies and Model Based Optimization (pp. 131-172)
Dimitrios Karamitros, Stavros A. Skarlis and Grigorios Koltsakis (Exothermia SA, and Aristotle University Thessaloniki, Greece)

Chapter 6 - Diesel Particulate Filter Overview: Material, Geometry and Application (pp. 173-202)
Martin J. Murtagh and Timothy V. Johnson (Corning Incorporated – Corning, NY, US)

Chapter 7 - Turbocharging and Exhaust Energy Recovery (pp. 203-238)
Hua Chen (National Laboratory of Engine Turbocharging Technology, Tianjin, China)

Chapter 8 - Small, High Power Density, Directly Injected, Turbocharged Engines (pp. 239-250)
Alberto Boretti and Anthony Tawaf (RMIT, Bundoora, VIC, Australia)

Chapter 9 - Organic Rankine Cycles in Automotive Applications (pp. 251-264)
Antti Uusitalo, Teemu Turunen-Saaresti, Aki Grönman, Juha Honkatukia and Jari Backman (Laboratory of Fluid Dynamics, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland)

Chapter 10 - Automotive Exhaust Power and Waste Heat Recovery Technologies (pp. 265-282)
Srithar Rajoo, Alessandro Romagnoli, Ricardo Martinez-Botas, Apostolos Pesiridis, Colin Copeland and A. M. I. Bin Mamat (UTM Centre for Low Carbon Transport, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and others)

Index

Audience:
• Industry powertrain and vehicle engineers and scientists
• Academic research professionals
• Students of powertrain engineering
• Government professional involved with transportation issues
• Powertrain enthusiasts

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