Attention and Meaning: The Attentional Basis of Meaning

Giorgio Marchetti (Editor)
Pozzo d’Adda, Italy

Giulio Benedetti (Editor)
Mind, Consciousness, and Language Research Net, Italy

Ahlam Alharbi (Editor)
Assistant Professor, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Series: Languages and Linguistics
BISAC: LAN009030

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Among the cognitive processes involved in the construction of any kind of meaning, attention is fundamental in determining why, how and what we mean. Attention plays a primary role in the process of learning the meanings of words and more generally of acquiring knowledge; signification, discourse and persuasion; perceiving, representing and (re)framing reality; shaping the attitudes of the audience; conveying values and ideologies. Conversely, the meanings of words and more generally, of signs, convey the condensed instructions for the attentional operations one has to perform in order to consciously experience what is expressed through and by them. Language, by addressing and guiding attention in specific ways, helps to select, amplify and support certain semantic components and concepts, and construct and communicate knowledge and values.

This book is the first to present a comprehensive overview of the extant research on the relationships between attention and meaning. The contributions collected here offer an overview of the most prominent theories and models developed so far that aim to explain how attention determines meaning construction. This book will be of interest to students, researchers and teachers in the realm of linguistics, semantics, discourse studies, semiotics, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, linguistic development, cognitive architectures of language, neuropsychology of linguistic function and social psychology.
(Imprint: Nova)

Introduction

Chapter 1 - Operational Linguistics: A Brief Introduction (pp. 1-32)
Giulio Benedetti (Pisa, Italy)

Chapter 2 - Attentional Semantics: An Overview (pp. 33-76)
Giorgio Marchetti (Pozzo d’Adda, Italy)

Chapter 3 - Attentional Semantics and Reading (pp. 77-92)
Hugo Mari (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais – PUC Minas, Coração Eucarístico Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil)

Chapter 4 - A Cognitivist Attentional Semantics of Locative Prepositions (pp. 93-132)
Kai-Uwe Carstensen (Philosophical Faculty, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany)

Chapter 5 - Attentional State: From Automatic Detection to Willful Focused Concentration (pp. 133-150)
Andrew A. Fingelkurts and Alexander A. Fingelkurts (BM-Science Brain and Mind Technologies Research Centre, Espoo, Finland)

Chapter 6 - Attention and the Experience of Language (pp. 151-188)
Todd Oakley (Department of Cognitive Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA)

Chapter 7 - Emotions, Attention and Blending (pp. 189-206)
Sandra Cavalcante and Josiane Militão (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais – Brazil, Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras, Coração Eucarístico, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 8 - How Attention Determines Meaning: A Cognitive-Semantic Study of the Steady-State Causatives Remain, Stay, Continue, Keep, Still, On (pp. 207-240)
Martina Lampert (English Linguistics – Department of English and Linguistics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany)

Chapter 9 - Attention! Death Is Mentioned: A Cognitive Semantic Investigation into News Reports of Death (pp. 241-272)
Ahlam Alharbi and Mona Bahmani (Taif University, Taif, K.S.A., and others)

Chapter 10 - Attention As the Origin of Meaning Formation (pp. 273-290)
Jean M. Mandler (Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA)

Chapter 11 - The Evolution of a Hierarchy of Attention (pp. 291-318)
Edmund Blair Bolles (Independent Scholar, New York, NY, USA)

Chapter 12 - The Semantics of Sensor Observations Based on Attention (pp. 319-344)
Simon Scheider and Christoph Stasch (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Münster, Heisenbergstrasse, Münster, Germany)

Author Index

Subject Index

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