Atmospheric Turbulence, Meteorological Modeling and Aerodynamics

Peter R. Lang (Editor)
Frank S. Lombargo (Editor)

Series: Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI084000




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Turbulence is a type of fluid (gas or liquid) flow in which the fluid undergoes irregular fluctuations, or mixing, in contrast to laminar flow, in which the fluid moves in smooth paths or layers. In turbulent flow the speed of the fluid at a point is continuously undergoing changes in both magnitude and direction. The flow of wind and rivers is generally turbulent in this sense, even if the currents are gentle. The air or water swirls and eddies while its overall bulk moves along a specific direction. This book will give the reader new insights into this natural phenomenon that occurs everyday yet is a puzzle that is not yet fully resolved in classical physics. Among the applications included are: fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, atmospheric and climatology research.


Research and Review Studies

Atmospheric Turbulence: Prediction, Measurement, and Effects.
Climatology of the Arctic Planetary Boundary Layer
(Igor Esau and Svetlana Sorokina—Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center and Bjerknes Center for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway)

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Theory Of The Atmospheric Turbulence
(Yinqiao Hu, Jinbei Chen—Gansu Province Key laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster
Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China, and others.)

Generalized Scale Invariance of Edge Plasma Turbulence
(V.P. Budaev—Nuclear Fusion Institute, RRC Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia)

Turbulence, Turbulent Mixing and Diffusion in Shallow-Water Estuaries
(Hubert CHANSON (1) and Mark TREVETHAN——Professor in Civil Engineering.The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia and others.)

Turbulence Scalar Transfer Modeling in Reacting Flows
(Leiyong Jiang— Gas Turbine Laboratory, Institute for Aerospace Research, National Research Council of Canada)

The research of the solution quality for the k- turbulence method with using sensitivity analysis of flow properties to model coefficients
(Ewa Błazik-Borowa—Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 40, Lublin)

Passive Air Sampler for the Determination of Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Using Flat Porous Polyethylene Membrane as Turbulence Limiting Diffuser
(Yoshika Sekine, Michio Butsugan and Simon F. Watts—School of Science, Tokai University, Kanagawa, Japan, and others.)

Artificial Intelligence Technique for Modelling and Forecasting of Meteorological Data: A Survey
(Adel Mellit - Dept. of LMD & Electronics, Faculty of Sciences Engineering, Jijel Univ., Ouledaissa, Algeria)

New Trends on Phenological Modelling
Herminia Garcia Mozo - Dpto. Botanica, Ecologia y Fisiologia Vegetal, Univ. of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain)

Time Dependent Shape Optimization Using Adjoint Variable Method for Reducing Drag
(Kazunori Shinohara, Hiroshi Okuda, Intelligent Modeling Laboratory (IML), The University of Tokyo,Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, and others)

Numerical and Experimental Investigations of Fluid Dynamics of High speed Flows
(R. C. Mehta, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

Aerodynamic Research and Development of Vertical-Axis Wind
Turbines with Rotary Blades
(Victor V. Cheboxarov, Valery V. Cheboxarov,Institute of Automation and Control Processes, FEB RAS, Russia, and others)

The Determination of Aerodynamic Forces on Sails – Challenges and Status
(William C. Lasher, School of Engineering, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College)

Large-Eddy Simulation of Free Shear and Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows
(Konstantin N. Volkov—Fluids Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom.)

Grand Computational Challenges for Prediction of the Turbulent Wind Flow and Contaminant Transport and Dispersion in the Complex Urban Environment
(Fue-Sang Lien, Eugene Yee, Bing-Chen Wang, Hua~Ji, University of Waterloo, and others)

A Semi-Analytic Model of Fog Effects on Vision
Eric Dumont, Nicholas Hautiere, Romain Gallen - Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussees, Division Exploitation Signalisation Eclairage, Paris, France, and others

Short Commentary

On parameterizing inclined stable boundary layers
(Branko Grisogono—AMGI, Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)

Ambient Air Temperature Interpolation in Inhomogeneous Regions
(Klemen ZAKSEK, ZRC SAZU, Slovenia, Daniel JOLY - TheMA, France)

Peat Moisture in Relation to Meteorological Factors: Monitoring, Modelling, and Implications for the Application of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System
(Vladimir Krivtsov, G. Matt Davies, Colin Legg, Teresa Valor, Alan Gray - The Univ. of Edinburgh, CECS, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK and others


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