Table of Contents
Continuous emissions of different greenhouse gases and associated industrial activities have allowed us to foresee significant adverse climatic changes to the environment, such as global warming, since the middle of the 19th century. Despite having easy access to both conventional and renewable energy sources, Pakistan’s demands are still unfulfilled. Pakistan is a top site for developing renewable energy due to its environment. The meteorological information for Pakistan is extensively examined in this study to assess the country’s potential for renewable energy sources. In-depth statistical analysis is made possible by data collection utilizing RETscreen software, and this analysis is then used to produce contours and isotherms that highlight areas with a high potential for renewable energy. Data on the yearly average wind speed, precipitation, solar radiation, solar radiation, and temperature may be employed to identify possible areas for constructing wind farms, solar power stations, and other renewable energy sources.
Planners and regulators may also find possible places for incorporating renewable energy sources into the present energy infrastructure by constructing contours and isotherms. This can improve the country’s energy security and reduce its dependency on imported fossil fuels. This study offers insightful information on Pakistan’s potential for producing renewable energy. Policymakers, planners, and investors may collaborate to create a sustainable and effective energy system in the nation using the facts and analysis offered in this study.
Keywords: renewable energy, sustainable development, wind energy, solar energy, Pakistan energy crises, retscreen, climatic data, energy policy, rural electrification, Environmental impact