Assaults: Interventions, Preventive Strategies and Societal Implications


Keith V. Bletzer, PhD (Editor)
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

Series: Social Issues, Justice and Status
BISAC: SOC050000

When we speak of “assault” we move our discussion from that of violence in its varied injurious forms toward the needs of the victim, prevention of future acts of harm, societal education and policy development, and mobilization of community resources, which should include the support of both nation-states and responsible institutions. Violence as a manifestation of human aggression has long been with our species. Defining that aggression in its manifest forms as “assault” provides a foundation for intervention with both the perpetrator (offender in legal terms) and survivor victim (person attacked in legal terms).

Contributors to this volume on assault have varied professional responsibilities. Some hold faculty positions with colleges or universities, others are affiliated with university institutes and/or medical hospitals. A few are students in the final steps of completing graduate training. All of them in some way are at the forefront of making direct contributions to prevention and intervention, if they themselves are not the practitioner or clinician who in some way provides direct services to individuals harmed by violence.

Most chapters are based on professional experience at the front lines of delivery, where real people come or, owing to severe instances of violence, are brought for services. Each contributor has repeatedly seen evidence for and/or heard about the outcomes of harmful acts of violence, perpetuated on those most vulnerable in society, owing to sex, age, socio-economic status, professional standing, and/or the momentary inability to take personal action that could prevent or protect one against perpetration of an act of violence.

As you read these chapters, consider the role of the researcher and practitioner in their chosen profession to make a contribution. View the language with a critical eye. You will find carefully reasoned proposals for change, calls for social justice, explanations of models for prevention strategies and development of public policy, and articulated reasons why violence falls short of the human right for societal protections that each member of our species deserves. What may be a potential solution or, conversely, negative consequence, what might be a dilemma or beneficial outcome, and what can happen when people work collaboratively: These chapters portray the nuanced reasoning that permits the professional to work toward development and confirmation of more effective models of prevention and intervention, which can reduce the need for prolonged care and services.

It should come as no surprise that violence takes place in many forms across a range of various communities and countries. It can affect anyone, although some individuals face greater susceptibilities, owing to their structural vulnerability. This volume, sad to say, however extensive and nuanced its offerings, covers but a few forms of human assault. The coverage nonetheless is focused and well-attuned to social-psychological-physical-economic realities of harmful impact and the short-term and long-term post-incident consequences of assault on another human being. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Aggression as a Developmental Disorder: From Bullying to Adult Delinquency
(Gentian Vyshka and Admir Sinamati, Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tirana, Albania, and others)

Chapter 2. Peer Assault: Problems Associated with Bullying
(Caleb McCoy, Brian Johnson, Yinan Zhao, Emily Salyer, Cliff McKinney, Department of Psychology, Mississippi State University, MS, USA)

Chapter 3. Interpersonal Violence and Women’s Reproductive Health: Current Research and Future Directions
(Nicole M. Heath and Natalie R. Stevens, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Center for Women’s Behavioral and Mental Health, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA)

Chapter 4. Post-assault Social Support: The Role of Others in Helping Sexual Assault Victims Recover
(Lisa A. Paul and Sapir Sasson, Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA)

Chapter 5. Interventions to Reduce College Women’s Risk for Sexual Assault
(Amy S. Untied and Lindsay M. Orchowski, Department of Psychology, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH, USA, and others)

Chapter 6. Theatre of the Oppressed and Sexual Assault Prevention
(M. Candace Christensen, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA)

Chapter 7. Corporal Punishment: Minor Assault is Still Assault
(Mary Ward Pollard, Courtney Sparks and Cliff McKinney, Department of Psychology, Mississippi State University, MS, USA)

Chapter 8. A Multiple Pronged Approach to Decrease Assault on Hospital Nursing Staff
(Marilyn Lanza, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA)

Chapter 9. Outcomes of Torture by Intentional Burn
(Kishore Kumar Das, Sazzad Khondokar, Anjana Chakraborty, M. Quamruzzaman, Rashidul Haque, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 10. Sexual, Physical and Psychological Aggression Linked to New Means of Communication: Child Pornography, Cyber-Grooming and Cyber-Bullying
(Sébastien Prat and Carol Jonas, Forensic Department, University Hospital Center of Tours, France, and others)

Chapter 11. Sexual Assault: Medico-Legal Issues
(Massimo Lancia, Ludovica Pieroni and Valentina Rosati, Section of Legal Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy)

Chapter 12. Possible Strategies for Reducing Alcohol-related Assault: Community-Based Methodology in Cairns, Tropical North Queensland (Australia)
(Shane Boris Pointing, Charmaine Hayes-Jonkers and Alan Clough, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia)

Chapter 13. Firearm Deaths and Background Checks: Evidence on What Works & What Does Not
(Anantachai Panjamapirom and Bisakha Sen, The Advisory Board Company, Birmingham, AL, USA, and others)


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