Arsenic: Sources, Environmental Impact, Toxicity and Human Health – A Medical Geology Perspective


Andrea Masotti (Editor)
Gene Expression – Microarrays Laboratory, Children’s Hospital Bambino Gesù, Rome – Italy

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications, Public Health in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI013000

This book is dedicated to the multifaceted description of the crucial issue of arsenic contamination and its effect on human health. From soil to man, this book describes the several steps from arsenic speciation in rocks, water and environment in general, through the contamination of rice-based foods in infants diet, up to the devastating effects on human health. The axis soil-food-health raises more issues than ever imagined and the book is aimed at linking all the interdisciplinary aspects involved while giving a complementary interpretation of the phenomenon. Medical geology has recently emerged as a new discipline trying to explain the events with an interdisciplinary approach and to solve the related problems for human health. Far from being exhaustive, this book is aimed at briefly addressing the ‘arsenic issue’ and concerns for human health while presenting the different techniques employed for arsenic removal, from natural or polymeric adsorbents to biological filtration. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents



Section I. Sources, Speciation And Distribution

1. Arsenic: Environmental Contamination and Exposure
(Elena Sturchio, Miriam Zanellato, Claudio Minoia and Elisabetta Bemporad, Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (INAIL), Department of Production Plants and Anthropic Settlements (DIPIA) ex National Institute for Occupational Safety and Prevention (ISPESL)- Rome – Italy and others)

2. Arsenic: Speciation In Rock-Forming Minerals Determined By EPR Spectroscopy
(Yuanming Pan, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada)
Free Download Available

3. Environmental Speciation of Arsenic
(Virender K. Sharma, Mary Sohn, Maurizio Pettine and Barbara Casentini, Department of Chemistry, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida and others)

4. Scale Issues Of Arsenic Mobility and Stabilization In A Paris Green Contaminated Soil
(Harald Weigand and Clemens Marb, Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, University of Applied Sciences, KMUB, Giessen, Germany and others)

5. Ecotoxicology of Arsenic in The Freshwater Environment: Consequences and Risk Assessment
(M. Azizur Rahman, Christel Hassler, Hiroshi Hasegawa and Richard Lim, Centre for Environmental Sustainability, School of the Environment, Faculty of Science, University of Technology Sydney, Australia and others)

Section II: Arsenic toxicity and human health

6. Human Health Effects of Chronic Arsenic Toxicity
(D. N. Guha Mazumder, DNGM Research Foundation 37/C, Block B, New Alipore, Kolkata, India)

7. Occurrence Of Inorganic Arsenic In Rice-Based Infant Foods: Soil-Rice-Infant Relationships
(A. Ramírez-Gandolfo, P. I. Haris, S. Munera, C. Castaño-Iglesias, F. Burló and A. A. Carbonell-Barrachina, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Departamento Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Ctra. de Beniel, Alicante, Spain and others)

8. Arsenic In Drinking Water and Pregnancy Outcomes: An Overview of The Hungarian Findings (1985-2005)
(Peter Rudnai, Mihály Csanády, Mátyás Borsányi and Mihály Kádár, National Institute of Environmental Health, Gyáli, Budapest, Hungary)
Free Download Available

9. Geophagy: Implications of Unknowingly Ingesting Arsenic – A Case Study In Selected Areas in Ghana
(Emmanuel Arhin and Musah Saeed Zango, University of Leicester, Department of Geology, University Road, UK and others)

10. Central Nervous System Targets of Chronic Arsenic Exposure
(Sergio Zarazúa, María E. Jiménez-Capdeville, Reinhard Schliebs and Rosalva Ríos, Department of Biochemistry, Medicine Faculty,
University of San Luis Potosi, San Luis Potosi, S.L.P., Mexico and others)

11. Drinking Water Sanitation, Arsenic Removal System, and Metal Interaction: A triangular Relationship on Human Health
(Victor Raj Mohan Chandrasekaran and Ming-Yie Liu, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan)

Section III: Arsenic removal techniques and tools

12. Biological Filtration Technology for Removal of Arsenic from Groundwater
(Danladi Mahuta Sahabi and Minoru Takeda, Department of Biochemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria and others)

13. Arsenic Adsorption, Remobilization, and Redox Transformation on Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide in the Presence of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria
(Ting Luo and Chuanyong Jing, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)

14. Arsenic Removal by Functional Polymers Coupled to Ultrafiltration Membranes
(Bernabé L. Rivas and Julio Sánchez, Polymer Department, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile)

15. Arsenic: Environmental Impact Reduction Using Natural and Modified Adsorbents
(Dimitris Papoulis, Dionisios Panagiotaras and Georgios Panagopoulos, Department of Geology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece and others)

16. Arsenic Removal in Continuous Systems Using Zero-Valent Iron Fixed Beds
(Fernando S. García Einschlag and Juan M. Triszcz, Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas (INIFTA), CCT-La Plata-CONICET, Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina and others)

17. Closed Cycle Process Investigations for Arsenic Removal From Waters Using Adsorption on Iron-Containing Materials Followed by Waste Immobilization
(L. Lupa, M. Ciopec, A. Negrea and R. Lazãu, University “Politehnica“ Timisoara, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Timisoara, Romania)


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