Aromatic Plants: The Technology, Human Welfare and Beyond

$230.00

Dr. Amit Baran Sharangi (Editor) – Department of Plantation Spices Medicinal & Aromatic Crops, Agricultural University, India

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices

BISAC: NAT026000, SCI011000

The history of aroma and fragrance dates back through several ages and civilizations. The sagacity of smell plays a remarkable role for human beings to recognize food. Best fruits can be judged when they are ripe and fit for consumption emitting lovely smell or aroma. The same attribute from flowers attracts insects leading to cross-pollination. India has enjoyed a paramount place in the fabrication of quality perfumes and aromatics since the prehistoric era. The celebrated Chinese voyager Fa-Hien described India as the land of aromatic plants. Indian cities like Delhi, Agra, Kannauj, Lucknow, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Aligarh, Bharatpur, Mysore, and Hyderabad emerged as centers of national and international trade in perfumery and other aromatic compounds, and were known for their quality across Asia, Europe and Africa. Aromatic plants precisely possess odorous volatile substances in root, wood, bark, stem, foliage, flower and fruit. The typical aroma is due to an assortment of composite chemical compounds. At present, information on the chemistry and properties of essential oils of only about 500 aromatic plants species is known in some detail out of a total of about 1500. Of these, about 50 species find use as commercial source of essential oils and aroma chemicals. It is realized now that perfumes are not the essentials of sumptuousness as they were in the past. It has given birth to new streams of medicinal therapy, aromatherapy, involving the use of essential oils and aromatics derived from plants to treat diseases. Essential oils are also reported to be better than antibiotics due to their safety and broad-spectrum activity. Natural essential oils are also potentially safe insecticides. The essential oil obtained from Acorus calamus having ß-asarone as an active principle produces sterility among a variety of insects of either sex. It has, therefore, been found very useful and secure for the storage of food grains. However, there is still very inadequate research for the cultivation of aromatic crops and extraction of essential oils across the globe.

This book has been designed to highlight the associated issues of aromatic plants including the aspects of their classification, importance, uses and applications for human wellbeing, botany, agrotechniques, major bioactive constituents, post-harvest extraction, chemistry and biochemistry of aroma compounds along with an informative modern global research on these plants throughout the world. I hope this book will cater the scholastic services, reward diverse professionals and stakeholders, and serve as an informative handbook for theoretical as well as practical purposes.

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Details

Preface

Chapter 1: Aromatic Plants and Aroma: Historical Perspectives
(Nancy Lego and Kalkame Ch. Momin – Assistant Professor, AICRP on MAPB, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, et al.)

Chapter 2: Classification of Aromatic Plants
(A B Sharangi – Professor, Department of Plantation, Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252, West Bengal, India)

Chapter 3: Status, Scenario, Scope and Trends of Aromatic Medicinal Plants
(Mohammad Irfan Ali, Wilda Onyancha, Manas Mathur, Rakesh Kr. Prajapat, Sarmad Moin, R. Bajia, Sushil Kumar Sharma, Gaurav Sharma, and Tarun Kumar Upadhyay – School of Applied Sciences, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, et al.)

Chapter 4: The Root of Aromatherapy in Early Islamic Era and Arab Region
(Naïrouz Benzeggouta – Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, M’sila University, Algeria)

Chapter 5: Aromatic Plants for Health and Human Welfare
(Harshita Singh and Navneeta Bharadvaja – Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, NCT Delhi, India , et al.)

Chapter 6: The Agrotechnology of Some Aromatic Crops
(Kalkame Ch. Momin, N Surmina Devi, Shivani Dobhal, Nancy Lego, Arwankie Shadap and Aseilavio John – Assistant Professor, Dept. of Floriculture and Landscaping Architecture, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, et al.)

Chapter 7: Essential oils – History, uses and extraction methods
(Nancy Lego, Arwankie Shadap and Kalkame Ch. Momin – Assistant Professor, AICRP on MAPB, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, et al.)

Chapter 8: Role and Effects of Aroma: Status and Trends
(Manzar Alam, Azhar Kamal, Tarun Kumar Upadhyay and Vijay J. Upadhye – Department of Biosciences, Integral University, Lucknow, India, et al.)

Chapter 9: Biology and Chemistry of Essential Oils
(Priyanka Sharma and Deepika Sharma – Assistant Professor, Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India, et al.)

Chapter 10: Attributes Influencing Biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolite and Aroma Volatiles in Plants, On and Off the Field
(Ankan Das and A B Sharangi – Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2 Hazra Road, Kolkata-700019, West Bengal, India, et al.)

Chapter 11: Pharmacological Activities of Coumarins and Their Derivatives
(Bui Thanh Tung, Nguyen Thi Thuy, Nguyen Minh Thai, Vu Hoai Phuong and Nguyen Thi Yen – Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, VNU University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National University Ha Noi, et al.)

Chapter 12: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Some Vietnamese Aromatic Plants
(Bui Thanh Tung, Duong Van Thanh and Nguyen Phuong Thanh – Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, VNU University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National University Ha Noi, et al.)

Chapter 13: Phytoremediation Potential of Aromatic Plants for Heavy Metals
(Sidharth Sharma and Navneeta Bharadwaj – Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, NCT Delhi, India, et al.)

Chapter 14: Biogenesis and Chemoecology Of Essential Oil, Aromatherapy and Conservation in Vetiver
(Sunita Singh Dhawan, Pankhuri Gupta and Raj Kishori Lal – Plant Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow U.P. (India), et al.)

Chapter 15: Chemistry and Biochemistry of Aroma and Flavor
(Solanki Sarkar and Sarthak Bhattacharya Bhattacharya – Assistant Professor, The Neotia University, School of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, Sarisha, Diamond Harbour, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India, et al.)

Chapter 16: Future Research Strategies
(Bhargav Veluru, Kalkame Ch. Momin and A B Sharangi – Assistant Professor, MTTC & VTC, CAU, Nakhu Nachibon, Arunachal Pradesh, et al)

Index

Additional information

Binding

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