Applied Aspects of Nano-Physics and Nano-Engineering

Kirill Levine (Editor)
Department of General and Technical Physics, The Saint Petersburg State Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Andrey G. Syrkov (Editor)
Department of General and Technical Physics, The Saint Petersburg State Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI055000

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This volume of a book “Applied Aspects of Nanophysics and Nano-engineering” is partially composed of short communications – proceedings of international symposium “Nanophysics and nano-engineering 2017” (venue: Mining university), and full-sized chapters, covering selected topics in depth.

A variety of phenomena are described in this book. Smart nanostructured coatings, methods of synthesis based on both “top to bottom” (plasma deposition, remote methods) and “bottom to top” approaches are covered, as well as modeling approaches and analytical techniques. As before, ecological issues are highly addressed, such as materials for water purification and pollution prevention.

Permanent interest in fullerenes as to one-dimensional carbon-based structures arises from their ability to be relatively easily modified by species of interest, for the purpose of bio-substrate delivery. Graphite exfoliation is utilized as a method to produce graphite nanoparticles and the modelling of fullers is reported.

Issues of dielectric relaxation of solids have been a stunning topic for at least a few decades, and even now the interest in the dielectric relaxation approach seems to increase. This is because of the sensitivity of this non-destructive method to the conformational changes of flexible molecular moieties, brushes, and interchain segments. This avenue was focused on materials appliances of the method and technical development of the method and resolution, as well as the materials studied.

Semiconductor technologies discussed in the book were related to developing solar concentrator systems (silicon technologies), heterojunction solar cells of eutectic gallium arsenide solid solutions for the development of alternative heterostructures based on the tunneling effect. “Exotic” semiconductors – diamonds with delta-doped layers known for their high temperature resistance – are studied via capacitance measurements.

Directional crystallization was studied to produce rear-Earth compounds with anisotropic properties for the application of thermoelectric materials.

Findings in sorption properties of clay minerals with singlet oxygen is underestimated as global in terms of environmental factors. Oil shale and oil shale ash Baltic basin studies are reported.

Materials with magnetic properties synthesized by the sol-gel method are based on varrium-titanium ceramic and are studied via a variety of powerful experimental methods: SEM, XRD, SAXC, and SAPNS.

Findings in the surface modification of zinc oxide films are modified by selenium. A special experimental setup is made possible using an ambient pressure approach without isolating the atmosphere to synthesize the hierarchically ordered surface structure.

Interface properties related to water absorption on an aluminum surface are analyzed, and they are of interest for tribology applications of organopolymer compositions.

Composite nanostructured materials for solar concentrator systems are discussed, as well as compounds for thermionic energy converters.
It is believed that this book provides an unbiased sketch of progress in nanotechnology and related areas.
(Imprint: Nova)

Introduction

Chapter 1. Synthesis, Identification and Physical-Chemical Properties of Bis-Adduct of Fullerene C60 with Histidine
(Vlada V.Petrenko, Nikolay A.Charykov, Konstantin N. Semenov, Viktor A.Keskinov, Aleksey V.Kurilenko, Irina V.Semenyuk and Nikolay M. Safiannikov, Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University), Russia, and others)

Chapter 2. Tris-Adduct of Light Fullerene C70 with Indispensable Amino-Acid Lysine
(Irina V .Semenyuk, Konstantin N. Semenov, Nikolay A.Charykov, Viktor A.Keskinov, Aleksey V.Kurilenko, Vlada V.Petrenko and Nikolay M. Safiannikov, Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute, Russia, and others)

Chapter 3. Dielectric Relaxation and Molecular Mobility in Thermoplastic Aromatic Polyimides with Different Structures
(Natalia A. Nikonorov, Rene A. Castro, Dao T. Hong and Alexei A. Kononov, Institute of Macromolecular Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 4. Analysis of Micro- and Nano-Pores of Oil Shale and Oil Shale Ash
(M.Yu. Nazarenko, N.K. Kondrasheva and S.N. Saltykova, Department of Processing Mineral Raw Materials, Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 5. Structure and Sorption Properties of Clay Minerals
(Vyacheslav N. Pak, Yu. Yu. Gavronskaya and E. S. Ivanova, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 6. Exfoliated Graphite from Graphite Nitrate Cointercalation Compounds: Production and Some Applications
(A.A. Voitash, V.YU. Vishnevsky, YU.V. Berestneva, E.V. Raksha, A.V. Muratov, A.B. Eresko, V.A. Glazunova, V.V. Burhovetskiy, G.K. Volkova, M.V. Savoskin, L.M. Litvinenko Institute of Physical Organic and Coal Chemistry, Donetsk, Ukraine, and others)

Chapter 7. Sol-Gel Synthesis, Research and Application of Powders – Multiferroics with the Structure of a ‘Core-Shell’
(Olga A. Shilova, Tamara V. Khamova, Gennady P. Kopitsa and Maxim M. Sychev, Institute of Silicate Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 8. Thermodynamic Modeling of the Heating of Fullerene C70 in an Inert Atmosphere
(Nick M. Barbin, Vasiliy P. Dan, Dmitriy I. Terentiev and Sergey G. Alekseev, Ural Institute of State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia, Ekaterinburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 9. Theoretical Investigation of the Atomic and Electronic Structure of Subporphyrinazin and Subphthalocyanine
(A.S. Kholtobina, E.A. Kovaleva and P.O. Krasnov, Department of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia)

Chapter 10. The Investigation of Signal Multiplication Mixer Linearity and Amplifier Schemes
(Yu.A. Nikitin and V.A. Yurova, Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 11. Control of Current and Voltage Oscillations in a Short DC Discharge Making Use of External Auxiliary Electrode
(A.S. Mustafaev, A.Y. Grabovskiy, V.I. Demidov, I. Kaganovich and M.E. Koepke, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 12. Effects of Graphite Intercalation with Cesium in a Thermionic Energy Converter
(A.S. Mustafaev and V.S. Sukhomlinov, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 13. Investigation and Formation of a Sorption Gas Sensor Based on Carbon Nanostructures with Complex Relief
(A.A. Rezvan and V.S. Klimin, South Federal University, Taganrog, Russia)

Chapter 14. Investigation of the Influence of the Modification Processes of Nanostructures Microrelief Based on Silicon Dioxide Films by the Method of Plasma-Chemical Etching
(V.S. Klimin, A.A. Rezvan and I.N. Kots, South Federal University, Taganrog, Russia)

Chapter 15. Nanostructures with Quantum Well InGaAs/GaAs: Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Tunnel Contribution to Emission of Charge Carriers
(Ivanova Y.V and Zubkov V.I., SpbSETU “LETI”, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 16. Properties of Er–Doped (Na,K)Nbo3 Nanofibers
(Nadezhda P. Markova and Alexander M. Grishin, Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk, Russia)

Chapter 17. Investigating the Influence of Technological Manufacturing Conditions on Structural Characteristics of Amorphous Silicon Layers of Heterojunction Solar Cells
(Aleksei D. Maslov, Ekaterina V. Bezuglaya, Nikolay V. Vishnyakov, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Ryazan, Russia)

Chapter 18. The Influence of Technology on the Properties of Thermoelectric Materials Produced by Directional Crystallization
(Sergey A. Nemov, Arseny A. Rulimov, Alexandr V. Shchegolkov and Anton E. Demchenko, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 19. Experimental Study of Carrier Distribution in CVD Single-Crystal Diamond with Delta-Doped Layers
(Shestakova L. M. and Zubkov V. I., SpbSETU “LETI”, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 20. Porous Silicon-Based Nanostructures for Solar Concentrator Systems
(R. S. Smerdov, A. S. Mustafaev, YU. M. Spivak and V. A. Moshnikov, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 21. 1 Atomic Force Microscopy of Nanocomposites Based on Zinc Oxide with Different Additives
(Evgeniya V. Maraeva, Vyacheslav A. Moshnikov, Nadezhda D. Yakusheva, Igor A. Pronin and Igor A. Averin, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 22. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Strength Nanofeatures of Constructional Materials
(V.V. Nosov, I.V. Matviian and A. R. Yamilova, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 23. Modification of Zinc Films by Chemical and Physical Methods
(Vladimir V. Tomaev, Vladimir A. Polyshyk, Nikolai S. Pshchelko, Kirill L. Levine and Yuri I. Kuzmin, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 24. Influence of the Substrate on the Formation of AgI Films Prepared by Laser Ablation
(Vladimir V. Tomaev, Tatiana V. Stoyanova, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 25. Capabilities of Marnetic Abrasive Finishing in the Field of Nanotechnology
(E.G. Zlotnikov, A.I. Keksin and L. E. Koroboyankwe, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 26. Reactivity of Solid Surfaces in the Chemical Nanotechnology
(Yu. K. Ezhovskii, St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University), St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 27. The Influence of the Material Structure of an Instrument on the Quality of Processing While Milling with Cutting Ceramics
(A.D. Khalimonenko, R.R. Rakhmankulov and I.V. Gorshkov, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 28. Investigation of Wear-Resistance of Thin-Layer Carbide-Titanium Coatings Obtained by Vacuum-Arc (PVD) Deposit
(Viktor A. Krasnyy and Vyacheslav V. Maksarov, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 29. Formation of Hydrophobic Coating on the Modified Polymers Surface
(Valeria Semenova and Anna Kochetkova, Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Technology, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 30. Antifriction Properties of Nanocomposite Materials Based on Aluminum Reinforced with Carbon Nanofibers for Application in Friction Couples Operated under Extreme Conditions
(Aleksandra N. Skvortsova, Aleksander D. Breki, Oleg V. Tolochko, Tatiana S. Koltsova and Sergey E. Aleksandrov, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 31. Features of Formation of Zinc Nanoparticles on Substrates of Glass and Quartz
(V. V. Tomaev and V. A. Polishchuk, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 32. Features of Metrological Support in the Implementation of Nanotechnology: Accounting for Nonlinear Effects
(A.G. Syrkov, A.A. Vinogradova and K.L. Levine, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 33. The Study of Low-Dimensional Systems in Saint-Petersburg Mining University: From P.P. Weimarn to the Present Day
(A.G. Syrkov and I.V. Pleskunov, Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 34. Low-Frequency Dielectric Spectroscopy of the (As2Se3)100-xBix Glassy System
(Rene A. Castro, Gennady A. Bordovsky and Nadezhda I. Anisimova, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia

Chapter 35. Dielectric Relaxation Processes in a Ge28.5Рb15S56.5 Glassy System
(Rene A. Castro, Gennady A. Bordovsky and Nadezhda I. Anisimova, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 36. Dielectric Relaxation in Thin Layers of the Aromatic Thermoplastic Polyimide
(Natalia A. Nikonorova, Aleksei A. Kononov, Hong T. Dao and Rene A. Castro, Institute of Macromolecular Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 37. Reactivity of Hydroxyl Groups on the Surface of Solids
(Yu. K. Ezhovskii, St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University), St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 38. Carbothermic Synthesis of Titanium Diboride: An Upgrade
(E. S. Gorlanov, “Expert-Al” LLC, Saint Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 39. Preparation of Nanoparticles of Germanium via the Catalytic Method
(Alena V. Kadomceva and Anatoly M. Obedkov, Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 40. Atomic Force Microscopy of Nanocomposites Based on Zinc Oxide with Different Additives
(Evgeniya V. Maraeva and Vyacheslav A. Moshnikov, Nadezhda D. Yakusheva, Igor A. Pronin and Igor A. Averin, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Russia)

Chapter 41. Numerical Method in Modeling of Obtaining Thin Film Processes
(Evgeniya V. Maraeva, Vyacheslav A. Moshnikov, Nadezhda D. Yakusheva, Igor A. Pronin and Igor A. Averin, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Russia)

Chapter 42. Investigating Ordering Degree of Non-Crystalline Films in Heterojunction Silicon Solar Cells by Raman Spectroscopy
(Aleksei D.Maslov, Ekaterina V. Bezuglaya and Nikolay V. Vishnyakov, Department of Micro- and Nanoelectronics, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Ryazan, Russia)

Chapter 43. Composite Nanostructured Materials for Plasma Energetic Systems
(R.S. Smerdov, A.S. Mustafaev, Yu.M. Spivak and V.A. Moshnikov, Saint Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 44. Effects of Grafite Intercalacation with Cesium in a Thermionic Converter
(A.S. Mustafaev, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 45. Control of Nonlinear Plasma Oscillations in a Short DC Discharge with Nonlocal Ionization
(A.S. Mustafaev, A.Y. Grabovskiy, V.I. Demidov, I. Kaganovich and M.E. Koepke, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 46. Special Features of the Thermoelectric Materials Based on Antimony and Bismuth Tellurides Produced by Directional Crystallization
(Sergey A. Nemov, Arseny A. Rulimov and Alexandr V. Shchegol’kov, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 47. Synthesis, Identification and Physical-Chemical Properties of Bis-Adduct of Fulerene c60 with Histidine
(Vlada V.Petrenko, Nikolay A.Charykov, Konstantin N. Semenov, Viktor A.Keskinova, Aleksey V.Kurilenkoa, Irina V.Semenyuk, Nikolay M.Safiannikov, Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University), St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 48. Synthesis, Identification and Properties of Tris-Adduct Light Fullerene C70 with Indispensable Amino-Acid Lysine
(Irina V.Semenyuk, Konstantin N.Semenova, Nikolay A.Charykov, Viktor A.Keskinov, Aleksey V.Kurilenko, Vlada V.Petrenko and Nikolay M.Safiannikov, Saint-Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University), St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 49. Reactivity and Protective Properties of Surface-Modified Dispersed Aluminum – Perspective Filler of Organopolymer Compositions
(I.V. Pleskunov, V.R. Kabirov, Andrey G. Syrkov and N.R. Prokopchuk, IMC Montan, London, Great Britain, and others)

Chapter 50. Adsorption of Water Vapors on Dispersed Copper Containing Different- Sized Molecules of Ammonium Compounds
(V.R. Kabirov, Andrey G. Syrkov and V.V. Taraban, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 51. Peculiarities of Zinc Nanoparticles Formed On Glass and Quartz Substrates By Electron Scanning Microscopy
(Vladimir V. Tomaev and V. A. Polishchuk, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

Chapter 52. The Ambient Pressure Approach of Modifying Zinc Films by Chemical and Physical Methods
(Vladimir V. Tomaev, Vladimir A. Polishchuk, Nikolai S. Pshchelko, Kirill L. Levine and Sergey G. Zverev, St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia, and others)

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