Application of a Sol-Gel based Nanostructured Ceramic Membrane for Hydrogen Separation in CO2 Capture Purposes

T. H. Y. Tran, W. G. Haije and J. Schoonman
Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department ChemE, Delft, The Netherlands, and others

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications, Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology
BISAC: SCI013000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The two most significant industrial processes for hydrogen production from fossil fuels are coal gasification and steam reforming of natural gas. A membrane process for CO2-H2 separation is an attractive alternative to conventional technologies such as solvent scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption, and cryogenic distillation for capturing the CO2.

In principle, two different types of membranes are under development, dense Pd-alloy based and porous inorganic ceramic ones. The present contribution provides a literature overview of ceramic membranes and their performance which are currently under investigation for hydrogen separation at high temperatures, as well as recent research results by the authors. The scope of materials presented here is limited to those that are primarily based on sol-gel synthesis. (Imprint: Nova)

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

CHOICE OF MATERIALS

MODIFICATION OF SOL-GEL DERIVED MEMBRANES

CHARACTERISATION OF SOL-GEL DERIVED MEMBRANES

MEMBRANE APPLICATION IN THE WGS REACTOR

OUTLOOK

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

INDEX

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