Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments and Long-Term Effects



Series: Cell Biology Research Progress
BISAC: SCI017000

Over the past 70 years, antibiotic therapy has been successfully used to combat infectious diseases. Nevertheless, the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a phenomenon that can plague the effectiveness of the antibiotics employed, which represents a major concern for human and animal health with important socio-economic consequences. Traditionally, most investigations on antibiotic resistance were conducted almost exclusively in the clinical setting. However, now it is well accepted that the current antibiotic resistance found in human pathogens originated from environmental microbes by means of a horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. The present book aims to focus on the importance of natural environments as diverse as rivers, soils and glaciers for the evolution, maintenance and dissemination of resistance genes. Therefore, the chapters included in this volume will be of interest to those scientists, technologists and graduate students involved in the study of antibiotic resistance from an environmental point of view. Also, it is hoped that the issues addressed in this book will serve to better evaluate the implications of these genes in the formulation of public health policies and strategies. These policies and strategies will then be used to reduce the risks of antibiotic resistance in clinical and nonclinical settings. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Ontologies in Antibiotic Resistance
José L. Martínez, Teresa M. Coque and Fernando Baquero (Departamento de Biotecnología Microbiana, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Darwin 3, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain, and others)

Chapter 2. Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Environmental Bacteriophages
Marta Colomer-Lluch, Juan Jofre and Maite Muniesa (Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Texas, USA, and others)

Chapter 3. Metagenomic Approaches to Uncover Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments
Salvador Mirete and Marcos López-Pérez (Department of Molecular Evolution, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain, and others)

Chapter 4. Antibiotic Resistance in Aquaculture
Jie Feng, Chao Wang and Qinna Cui (State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)

Chapter 5. Asian Waters as Hot Spots of Antibiotic Resistance Genes
Satoru Suzuki (Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University, Ehime, Japan)

Chapter 6. Evaluation of Anthropogenic Impacts on Nature by Analyzing the Distribution of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in a Glacier Environment
Takahiro Segawa and Kazunari Ushida (Center for Life Science Research, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan, and others)

Chapter 7. Selection of Tetracycline and Ampicillin Resistance Genes during Long-Term Soil-Copper Exposure
Séanín McCluskey and Charles W. Knapp (Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland)

Chapter 8. Agricultural Use of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance
Satoshi Koike, Roderick Mackie and Rustam Aminov (Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, and others)


Additional Information

Audience: Scientists, Technologists, Graduate Students, Research Fellows, Investigators, Geneticists, Microbiologists, Physicians, Pharmacists, Clinician Scientists, Academicians, Bio-informaticians, Environmental Managers, Resource Managers, Environmental Consultants, Government Officials, Policy/decision Makers.


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