Ancient History of Medicine in India, with Reference to Cardiovascular Diseases


Authors: Ram B Singh, JP Sharma, Galal Elkilany, Jan Fedacko, Krasimira Hristova, Ibrahim Kabbash, Mohammad Ismaeil El-Shafey, Shabnam Omidvar, Hseam Shahrajabian, Mojgan Khatibi, Sara Sarrafi Zadigan, Shridhar Dwivedi, Manal MA Smail, Kamala K Tripathi, Rana G Singh, Pawan K Singal, Suresh Tygi, Hosna Motamedian, Daniel Pella, and Ghizal Fatima
Page Range: 49-67
Published in: World Heart Journal, 15#1 (2023)
ISSN: 1556-4002

Table of Contents


In the pre-historic Harrapan culture of India, before and after 2000 BCE, there was a system of medicine with professional healers, sanitation and hygiene. The people of Indus-Saraswati Valley Civilization, even from the early Harappan periods (3300 BCE), had knowledge of medicine and dentistry. There is evidence that teeth having been drilled, dating back 7,000 BCE. India has a rich heritage of medical and health sciences in the Vedic period, due to a separate medicinal branch of medical science “Ayurveda.”

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