An Overview of Biomedical Scientists and Their Discoveries

Manuel Varela
Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, USA

Michael F. Shaughnessy
Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, USA

Series: Distinguished Men and Women of Science, Medicine and the Arts
BISAC: BIO015000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The world of medicine interacts with biology, anatomy, chemistry and physiology. Thus, it takes an extremely talented scientist, scholar and researcher to unwrap and unravel the wonders and complexities of the human body and medical illness, pains and problems. This book attempts to do just that and explain how many biomedical scientists and researchers were able to discover and treat various medical conditions as well as provide insights into the therapeutic process.

Some of the words readers will encounter in this book strike fear into the hearts of physicians and nurses everywhere—cancer , gout, high cholesterol, catecholamine’s, viruses, bacteria, malaria, typhoid, and other ailments.

Blood, cells, stem cells, insulin, the immune system and mutagenesis are all involved in the optimal functioning of the human body, yet the average person knows little about blood, the basic of the cell structure, how it operates and what it does in the human body in terms of promoting health and human functioning.

Diabetes, Huntington’s, cancer are all ailments that impact the human species more or less and, in many instances, result in death. Yet who were the scientists that researched and discovered these ailments and maladies and how did they first analyze the relationship between these illnesses and the human body? Where did they come from? How did they occur? How can we address these illnesses and difficulties so as to live a fruitful robust life?

We hear so much about the human genome continually in scientific circles, yet the general public has little understanding of it and in fact, the average citizen knows little about their genetic structure and how it has impacted their lives. Even physicians are only minimally trained in the complexities of genetics, but this text offers at least some introductory information as to this “brave new world” of the human genome and its relevance.

Statins is a simple word but one that is imperative to understand and salient to our heart, continued existence and well-being.

Homeostasis is, again, a simple word, yet we should learn about it and its importance in our daily functioning and understand it as a basic element of our existence. While it seems a basic concept, it is imperative for human optimal functioning.

And of course, the cell—one of the building blocks of the human body— the surface of the cell, and all of the magical mysteries that revolve around this basic element of the human body, are important elements for scientists, scholars and researchers to understand and grasp.

The book is a journey into the lives of famous scientists and scholars who went on to win the Nobel Prize, even though many were rejected by many medical schools. These scholars—both men and women—went on to achieve great things and survive difficulties, discrimination and dire straits. It is only right, just and proper that these famous men and women should be recognized for their contributions to science, medicine and humanity.
(Imprint: Nova)




Chapter 1. Alfred Alberts – Cholesterol Drug Lovastatin

Chapter 2. Julius Axelrod – Neurotransmitter Catecholamine

Chapter 3. David Baltimore – Tumor Viruses

Chapter 4. Frederick Banting – Insulin

Chapter 5. Konrad Bloch – Cholesterol and Fatty Acid Metabolism

Chapter 6. Santiago Ramón y Cajal – Nervous System Structure

Chapter 7. Renato Dulbecco – Viruses and Cancer

Chapter 8. Gertrude B. Elion – Gout Treatment with Allopurinol

Chapter 9. Gerald Edelman – Antibody Structure

Chapter 10. Joseph Goldstein – Cholesterol

Chapter 11. John B. Gurdon – Stem Cells

Chapter 12. Leroy Hood – DNA Sequencing

Chapter 13. Tim Hunt – Cell Division and Cell Cycle

Chapter 14. Andrew Huxley – Nerve Impulses

Chapter 15. Ernest Everett Just – Cell Surface and Developmental Biology

Chapter 16. Karl Landsteiner – ABO Blood Groups

Chapter 17. Rita Levi-Montalcini – Nerve Growth Factor

Chapter 18. César Milstein – Immune System Control and Monoclonal Antibody Production

Chapter 19. Archibald Vivian Hill – Cardiac Physiology

Chapter 20. Francis Rous – Viruses and Cancer

Chapter 21. Michael Sheetz – Extra-Cellular Biological Matrix

Chapter 22. Michael Smith – Site-Directed Mutagenesis

Chapter 23. Youyou Tu– Anti-Malarial Medicines

Chapter 24. Harold Varmus – Viral Oncogenes and Cancer

Chapter 25. Nancy Wexler – Huntington’s Disease Gene


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