An Introduction to Assistive Technology


Series: Medical Procedures, Testing and Technology
BISAC: MED000000

Globally, more than one billion people suffer some form of disability and may require assistive devices for their functioning. Only 5 to 10% of them can access some level of rehabilitation services. Assistive technology is essential while providing rehabilitation services to people with disabilities or health impairment.
The first edition of this book will help professionals working in habilitation and rehabilitation services, and the chapters cover various aspects of assistive technologies. The first chapter shares existing evidence on assistive technologies (ATs) that aid in rehabilitation intervention among children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders. It provides the reader with a selective overview of the newest empirical contributions available in the literature on the use of AT-based interventions for enabling adaptive skills and reducing challenging behaviors in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities.
The second chapter highlights the ViEW, a computer-based assistive technology for visual impairment. ViEW (Vision Enhancement for the World) is a portable device that uses a computer vision technique to extract textual information. The product can notify the nearest objects surrounding an individual with vision loss and read aloud with audio. The product will aid in teaching students at schools for the blind.
The third and fourth chapters explain the existing classification for ATs for visual impairment and various devices that can be used to perform daily living tasks. This chapter is designed for people working in eye care services, teachers, trainers in schools for the blind, community based visual rehabilitation workers, or other interested persons.
Chapter five presents advanced information and communication technologies (ICT) that may be used in bathroom safety without compromising personal privacy. Bathroom safety is extremely important, especially for older persons living independently at home. The chapter reviews trends in ICT development and presents state-of-the-art solutions for safe bathing, bath accident detection and prevention.
Chapter six describes the applications of assistive software products in children with autism spectrum disorders, where researchers deal with multiple factors to get closer to creating a model for children with autism for use in creating interactive apps.
Chapter seven sheds light on the newest contributions in virtual-reality (VR) based intervention in neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s and/or Parkinson’s diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis). The outcomes in the majority of VR based interventions were positive. The final chapter critically reviews the use of ATs and other relevant literature on the patient-centered design of ATs, which will ultimately help adoption pathways.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents




Chapter 1. Assistive Technology Based Interventions in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Narrative Review
(Fabrizio Stasolla, Alessandro O. Caffò, Vincenza Albano and Donatella Ciarmoli, University “Giustino Fortunato”, Benevento, Italy, and others)

Chapter 2. ViEW: Assistive Technology for Visual Impairment using Computer Technologies
(Megha P. Arakeri, Anusha Sankar, M. Madhura, N. S. Keerthana and Tazeen Munnavar, Information Science and Engineering, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India)

Chapter 3. Classification of Assistive Technology for Visual Impairment
(Suraj Singh Senjam, Souvik Manna, Vivek Gupta, and Praveen Vashist, Community Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India)

Chapter 4. Assistive Technology for People with Visual Disabilities
(Suraj Singh Senjam, Souvik Manna and Praveen Vashist, Community Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India)

Chapter 5. ICT Based Assistive Technologies for Safe Bathing: Challenges and Solutions
(Vasily G. Moshnyaga, Department of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan)

Chapter 6. Assistive Software Applications for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Current Challenges of User Modelling and Graphical User Interface Design
(Andrés Mejía Figueroa and Reyes Juárez-Ramírez, San Diego Global Knowledge University, San Diego, California, US, and others)

Chapter 7. Virtual Reality Based Interventions in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Review
(Fabrizio Stasolla, Sara Bottiroli and Alessandro O. Caffò, University “Giustino Fortunato”, Benevento, Italy, and others)

Chapter 8. Assistive Technology in or Out of Context? – An Evolving Challenge to Increasing Utility and Adoption
(Salifu Yusif, Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts, School of Management Enterprises, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia)

About the Editor

Dr. Suraj Singh Senjam, MBBS, MD, MSc. PH for Eye Care is a Professor working currently in Community Ophthalmology at the Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. He graduated in MBBS from Imphal, Manipur, a state in northeast India. He received his MD degree in Community Medicine from the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He also received a Master’s Degree in Public Health for Eye Care (PHEC) from the International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. He has worked on Assistive Technology for Visual Impairment and published many peer-reviewed papers in Indexed Journals. He has designed a new and simplified classification of Assistive Technologies for the education of students with visual disabilities based on students’ activities performed at schools for the blind. Currently, he is looking after The Vision Rehabilitation & Training Centre in Community Ophthalmology. His research focus is on the application of the Person-Centred Approach (PCA) while providing care for people living with visual loss. He was instrumental in setting up The National Research and Training Centre for Low Vision and Rehabilitation Services. He has written a handbook on Assistive Technology for students with visual impairment, and a training manual on orientation and mobility. He is one of the key investigators for the National Blindness Survey in 30 districts of India and the National Trachoma Survey, India supported by the Ministry of Health Government of India.


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