An Insight into Neuromodulation: Current Trends and Future Challenges

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Natalia Arias – Head of Research and Professor, Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
Ana María Jiménez García – Associated Professor, Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain

Series: Neuroscience Research Progress
BISAC: SCI089000; SCI090000; SCI009000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/ZSNB2076

One of the main social challenges in developed countries is the possibility of modulating neural circuits with different energy sources, which has changed the way in which brain neurodegenerative disorders and associated motor problems are treated and understood, as well as their impact on basic psychological processes. The importance of this issue is revealed by the main policy priorities across several countries, which includes topics about the potential of new tools, technologies and digital solutions for a healthy society. However, there is a need to address the limitations of applied techniques, registration models and clinical data accumulated in numerous neurodegenerative diseases with altered motor patterns, as well as basic cognitive processes at the multicenter level. This will improve the effective use of more data and new methods and tools which will allow researchers and psychologists to advance the understanding of risk factors, causes, development and optimal treatment in areas of cognitive damage or alterations through neuromodulation. In this book we will deepen and disseminate knowledge about the current uses of neuromodulation and the main outcomes in human translation. We will also approach the need of analysis and interpretation of neuromodulation data, as well as its combination with data from brain records (EEG, fNIRS, MEG) that are especially useful to understand the impact of neuromodulation on cognitive function. This knowledge will allow the development of effective strategies, in order to avoid or reduce risk factors for the development of mental and behavioral disorders, as well as the associated comorbidities in adult life.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Neuromodulation and Its Current Applications
Javier Benitez-Verguizas¹, Olivia García-Velasco², and Natalia Arias²,³,⁴
¹Department of Languages and Education, Faculty of Education, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
²Department of Psychology, Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, Brain and Behaviour (BRABE) Group, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
³Institute of Neurosciences of the Principality of Asturias (INEUROPA), Oviedo, Spain
⁴Health Research Institute of the Principality of Asturias (Instituto de Investigación Universitaria del Principado de Asturias), Oviedo, Spain

Chapter 2. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a Strategy to Optimize Sports Performance
David Colomer-Poveda, Gonzalo Márquez, and Virginia López-Alonso
Department of Physical Education, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain

Chapter 3. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Motor Learning
Marta Sevilla-Sanchez¹, Antonio Luque-Casado², and Miguel A. Fernandez-del-Olmo²
¹Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, University of A Coruna, A Coruna, Spain
²Sport Sciences Research Centre. Faculty of Education & Sport Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies, King Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain

Chapter 4. A Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Its Applications in Attention Deficits
Klara Hemmerich, Juan Lupiáñez, and Elisa Martín-Arévalo
Department of Experimental Psychology, and Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Chapter 5. Memory Processes with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
María Jesús Maraver¹, Angel Fernandez²,³, and Carlos J. Gómez-Ariza4
¹Mind, Brain, and Behaviour Research Centre (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain
²Institute on Community Integration (INICO), University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
³University Institute of Neuroscience (IUNE), University of La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain
⁴Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

Chapter 6. Efficacy of tDCS in Post-Stroke Aphasia Recovery
María José Torres-Prioris¹,², Marcelo L. Berthier², and Diana López-Barroso²,³
¹Wellcome Centre for Human Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom
²Cognitive Neurology and Aphasia Unit, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain
³Department of Psychobiology and Methodology of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain

Chapter 7. Neuromodulation Effects of the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Photobiomodulation Techniques
Alba Gutiérrez-Menéndez¹,² Candela Zorzo¹,²,³, and Jorge L. Arias¹,²,³
¹Institute of Neurosciences of the Principaly of Asturias (INEUROPA)
²Institute Biosaitario of the Principaly of Asturias (ISPA)
³Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Spain

Chapter 8. Photobiomodulation as a Potential Therapeutic Tool in Neurodegeneration
Ana M. Jiménez-García¹, Pablo Verdúguez¹, and Natalia Arias¹,²,³
¹Department of Psychology, Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, Brain and Behaviour (BRABE) Group, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
²Institute of Neurosciences of the Principality of Asturias (INEUROPA), Oviedo, Spain
³Health Research Institute of the Principality of Asturias (Instituto de Investigación Universitaria del Principado de Asturias), Oviedo, Spain

Chapter 9 tDCS as a Therapeutic Strategy in Gait Rehabilitation in Parkinson’s Disease
Maria Masbernat-Almenara¹,²,³, Pere Bosch Barceló¹,³, and Helena Fernández-Lago¹,²,³
¹Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
²Consolidated Research Group: Society, Health, Education and Culture (GESEC), University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
³Health Care Research Group (GRECS), Institute for Biomedical Research Dr. Pifarré Foundation, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain

Chapter 10. Variability in Response to Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Protocols
Virginia López-Alonso¹, Marco Sandrini², and David Colomer-Poveda¹
¹Department of Physical Education, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
²School of Psychology, University of Roehampton, London (UK)

Chapter 11. Neurodegeneration through the Lens of Network Neuroscience
Javier M. Buldú¹,²,³, Irene Sendiña-Nadal¹,²,³, Inmaculada Leyva¹,²,³, Ignacio Echegoyen¹,⁴, Johann H. Martínez⁵,⁶, David Papo⁷,⁸
¹Complex Systems Group, King Juan Carlos University, Móstoles, Spain
²Laboratory of Biological Networks
³Center for Biomedical Technology, Montegancedo Campus, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Spain
⁴Department of Psychology, Comillas Pontifical University, Alcobendas, Madrid
⁵Interdisciplinary Mathematics Institute, Department of Mathematical Analysis and Applied Mathematics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
⁶Interdisciplinary Group of Complex Systems. UC³M
⁷Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
⁸Center for Translational Neurophysiology, Italian Institute of Technology Foundation, Ferrara, Italy

Chapter 12. AI and its Application to Omics, Neuromodulation and Brain Records
Jaime Álvarez-Benayas¹, Nieves Cubo-Mateo¹, Clara Matutano Molina¹, Christian Velasco-Gallego¹, and Natalia Arias²,³,⁴
¹Department of Computer Sciences, Higher Polytechnic School, Artificial Intelligence and Emergent Systems (ARIES) Research Group, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
²Department of Psychology, Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, Brain and Behavior (BRABE) Group, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
³Health Research Institute of the Principality of Asturias (Instituto de Investigación Universitaria del Principado de Asturias), Oviedo, Spain
⁴INEUROPA, Instituto de Neurociencias del Principado de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain

Chapter 13. Computational Models as an Inspiration to Neuromodulation in Space-Phase-Amplitude
Martín Carrasco-Gómez¹,², Alberto del Cerro-León¹,³, Jesús Cabrera-Álvarez¹,³, Carlos J. Gómez-Ariza⁴, Fernando Maestú¹,³, and Gianluca Susi¹,⁵
¹Centre for Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
²Biomedical Image Technologies, ETSI Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
³Department of Experimental Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
⁴Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
⁵Department of Structure of Matter, Thermal Physics and Electronics, School of Physics, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

About the Editors

Index

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