An Innovative Approach of Advanced Oxidation Processes in Wastewater Treatment


: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

In recent decades, scientific insight into the chemistry of water has increased enormously, leading to the development of advanced wastewater and water purification technologies. However, the quality of freshwater resources has continually deteriorated worldwide, both in industrialized countries and in developing countries. Although traditional wastewater technologies are focused on the removal of suspended solids, nutrients and bacteria, hundreds of organic pollutants occur in wastewater and affected urban surface waters. These new pollutants are synthetic or naturally occurring chemicals that are not often monitored in the environment but have the potential to penetrate the environment and cause known or suspected adverse ecological and/or human health effects. These contaminants are collectively referred to as the “Emerging Contaminants” and are mostly derived from domestic use and occur in trace concentrations ranging from pico to micrograms per litre. Environmental contaminants are recalcitrant for conventional wastewater treatment processes and most of them remain unaffected, leading to the contamination of receiving water. This scenario leads to the need for an advanced wastewater treatment process that can remove environmental contaminants to safely monitor fresh water sources.

This book explains the technologies of biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes. The biological wastewater treatment processes presented include: (1) bioremediation of wastewater that includes aerobic treatment (oxidation ponds, aerating lagoons, aerobic bioreactors, active sludge, percolation or drip filters, biological filters, rotating biological contactors, biological removal of nutrients) and anaerobic treatment (anaerobic bioreactors), anaerobic lagoons); (2) phytoremediation of waste water consisting of engineered wetlands, rhizofiltration, rhizodegradation, phytodegradation, phytoaccumulation, Phyto transformation and hyperaccumulators; and (3) mycoremediation of wastewater. The chemical wastewater treatment processes discussed include chemical precipitation (coagulation, flocculation), ion exchange, neutralization, adsorption, and disinfection (chlorination / dechlorination, ozone, UV light). In addition, this chapter explains the wastewater treatment plants and illustrates them in terms of plant size, plant layout, and plant design and installation location.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Persistent Organic Pollutants: An Environmental Menace
(V.P. Sharma and Maulin P Shah – Prof AcSIR & Head Quality Assurance, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, Industrial Wastewater Research Lab, Enviro Technology Limited, Ahmedabad, India)

Chapter 2. Removal Of Emerging Contaminants Present in Wastewater by Using Advanced Oxidation Processes
(M. M. Ghangrekar, Monali Priyadarshini – School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India, et al.)

Chapter 3. Nanoremediation of Industrial Heavy Metal Effluents Using Carbon Nanomaterials as Superb Nanoadsorbents
(Basma A. Omran and M.O. Abdelsalam – Petroleum Biotechnology Laboratory, Processes Design & Development Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt, et al.)

Chapter 4. Emerging Pollutants: Occurrence, Fate, Impacts and Removal Technologies
(Sonam Tiwari, Rohit Kushwaha, Pranjal Tripathi, R.S. Singh, Devendra Mohan – Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Nanotechnological Interventions to Tackle Heavy Metal Pollution
(Ashish S Gite, Karthic A, Jaya R Lakkakula, Nilesh S Wagh – Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Maharashtra, Mumbai – Pune Expressway, Bhatan, Post – Somathne, Panvel, Maharashtra)

Chapter 6. Bioremediation: A Novel Way to Deal with Petroleum Sludge for Sustainable Environment
(Hiren K. Patel, Rishee K. Kalaria, Divyesh K. Vasava – School of Science, P. P. Savani University, Surat, Gujarat, India, et al.)

Chapter 7. Advanced Oxidation Process in Wastewater Reuse
(Khushboo Dasauni and Tapan Kumar Nailwal – Department of Biotechnology, Sir J. C. Bose Technical Campus, Bhimtal, Kumaun University Nainital, Uttarakhand, India)

Chapter 8. Photocatalysis as Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment
(Manash Protim Mudoi, Amit K. Thakur, Abhimanyu Singh Khichi, Ravi Shankar – Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India, et al.)

Chapter 9. Role of Fungal and Plant Systems in Wastewater Treatment: Mechanisms and Applications
(Nitin Chauhan, Arvind Arya, Sukirti Khantwal, Surabhi, Shivangi Sharma, Randhir Kumar Bharti, Priyadarshini Dey, Sunil Gola, Pankaj Kumar Tyagi, Deepak Gola – Department of Microbiology, Swami Shraddhanand College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, et al.)

Chapter 10. Insights into a Novel Technology of Limestone-Sawdust-Bacteria and Nano TIO2 for Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage
(Hoang-Nam Nguyen, Khac-Uan Do – School of Environmental Science and Technology, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam, et al.)

Chapter 11. Different Approaches for Bioremediation of Harmful Pollutants
(Swatilekha Pati, Somok Banerjee, Bratati Paul, Ashutosh Kumar – Department of Microbiology, Tripura University (A Central University), Suryamaninagar, Agartala, Tripura, India)

Chapter 12. Nitrate Problems and Its Remediation
(Anne Bhambri and Santosh Kumar Karn – Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Sardar Bhagwan Singh University (Formerly, Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Science and Research) Balawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India, et al.)

Chapter 13. Emerging Contaminants
(Beauty Rai, Anupama Shrivastava – Department of Microbiology, Parul Institute of Applied Sciences Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India)

Chapter 14. Bioremediation of Soils Polluted with Hexavalent Chromium using Bacteria
(Rujuta Kedar Karkhanis and Anupama Shrivastav – Department of Microbiology, Parul Institute of Applied Sciences, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India)


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