An Essential Guide to Occupational Exposure


Marta Madalena Marques de Oliveira, PhD, Simone Barreira Morais, PhD, Francisca Pinto Lisboa Martins Rodrigues, PhD (Editors) – Researchers, REQUIMTE-LAQV, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Porto, Portugal

Series: Safety and Risk in Society
BISAC: MED061000; MED106000

The World Health Organization estimates that about 2.9 billion workers around the world are regularly exposed to risks at their workplace. Therefore, a significant fraction of the world’s working force, principally in low- and middle-income countries, is at an increased risk of occupational hazards with direct implications on occupational safety and health. Occupational injuries and illness lead to (short/long) workers’ absences with significant economic costs for both employees and employers. Also, the quality of life and wellbeing of active workers are profoundly affected.

This book will attract the attention of people that want to know more about occupational exposure and its implications on hygiene, safety, and health in work environments. This work aims to highlight the predominant occupational risks that all working groups can be exposed to. Also, it informs readers about emerging health surveillance tools, namely cytogenetic and human biomonitoring assays, that are being used in the assessment of occupational exposure and health risk assessment.

This book is aimed at the active and working civil society, occupational safety and hygiene technicians among other related occupations (e.g., health professionals), scientific community, and stakeholders. This reading will promote a reflection on the topic of occupational exposure and its implications on the safety and health of workers from different occupations.

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Table of Contents



Chapter 1. An Introduction to Occupational Exposure
Gabriel Sousa¹,², Xianyu Wang² Francisca Rodrigues¹ and Marta Oliveira¹
¹REQUIMTE-LAQV, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Porto, Portugal
²QAEHS, Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Chapter 2. Hospital Environments – The Relevant Aspects of Indoor Air Quality
Klara Slezakova¹,² and Maria do Carmo Pereira¹,²
¹LEPABE, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
²ALiCE- Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto Portugal

Chapter 3. The Role of Biomarkers in the Assessment of Potential Health Risks of Wildland Firefighters’ Occupational Exposure: An Overview
Filipa Esteves¹’², Joana Madureira¹, João Paulo Teixeira¹, and Solange Costa¹
¹Environmental Health Department, National Institute of Health, Porto, Portugal; EPIUnit – Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health (ITR), Porto, Portugal
²Department of Public Health and Forensic Sciences, and Medical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

Chapter 4. Firefighters’ Dermal Exposure to Fire Emissions: Levels and Potential of 3D Skin Models for Health Risk Assessment
Bela Barros¹, Francisca Rodrigues¹, Bruno Sarmento²’³, Cristina Delerue-Matos¹, Simone Morais1 and Marta Oliveira¹
¹REQUIMTE-LAQV, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Porto, Portugal
²CESPU-Instituto de Investigação e Formação Avançada em Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde, Instituto Universitário de Ciências da Saúde, Gandra, Portugal
³Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

Chapter 5. Cytogenetic Methods for Measuring Effects of Occupational Exposure
Goran Gajski and Marko Gerić
Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia

Chapter 6. Occupational Hazards Faced by Garbage Collection Workers
Madhur S. Kulkarni
CMF’s College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India