Ammonium Nitrate Facilities: Safety and Oversight

Allegra Ward (Editor)

Series: Safety and Risk in Society
BISAC: SCI013000

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In April 2013, about 30 tons of ammonium nitrate fertilizer detonated during a fire at a facility in West, Texas, killing at least 14 people and damaging nearby schools, homes, and a nursing home. This incident raised concerns about the risks posed by similar facilities across the country. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) play a central role in protecting workers and communities from chemical accidents, and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) administers a chemical facility security program.

This book addresses how many facilities have ammonium nitrate in the United States; how OSHA and EPA regulate and oversee facilities that have ammonium nitrate; and what approaches selected other countries have adopted for regulating and overseeing facilities with ammonium nitrate. It also focuses on some of the federal regulatory programs overseeing storage of ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia by retailers. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - Chemical Safety: Actions Needed to Improve Federal Oversight of Facilities with Ammonium Nitrate (pp. 1-50)
United States Government Accountability Office

Chapter 2 - Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia (pp. 51-76)
Dana A. Shea, Linda-Jo Schierow and Scott D. Szymendera

Chapter 3 - Chemical Advisory: Safe Storage, Handling, and Management of Ammonium Nitrate (pp. 77-102)
Environmental Protection Agency, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Chapter 4 - Testimony of Rafael Moure-Eraso, Chairman, U.S. Chemical Safety Board. Hearing on ''Oversight of Federal Risk Management and Emergency Planning Programs to Prevent and Address Chemical Threats, Including the vents Leading Up to the Explosions in West, TX and Geismar, LA'' (pp. 103-120)

Chapter 5 - Testimony of Barry N. Breen, Principal Deputy Assistant Adminstrator, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Hearing on ''Oversight of Federal Risk Management and Emergency Planning Programs to Prevent and Address Chemical Threats, Including the Events Leading Up to the Explosions in West, TX and Geismar, LA'' (pp. 121-126)

Chapter 6 - Testimony of Paul Orum, Consultant, Coalition to Prevent Chemical Disasters. Hearing on ''Oversight of Federal Risk Management and Emergency Planning Programs to Prevent and Address Chemical Threats, Including the Events Leading Up to the Explosions in West, TX and Geismar, LA'' (pp. 127-134)

Chapter 7 - Testimony of Dr. M. Sam Mannan, Regents Professor and Director, Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center, Texas A&M University. Hearing on “Oversight of Federal Risk Management and Emergency Planning Programs to Prevent and Address Chemical Threats, Including the Events Leading up to the Explosions in West, TX and Geismar, LA” (pp. 135-168)

Index

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