Airline Competition and Consolidation: Issues and Trends


Caroline Reid (Editor)

Series: Transportation Issues, Policies and R&D
BISAC: BUS070100

Since 2007, there have been four major airline mergers. As a result of this consolidation, about 85 percent of passengers in the U.S. flew on four domestic airlines in 2013. Certain industry observers have raised concerns that consolidation could have adverse effects on airline competition, such as higher airfares and reduced service. Others argue that consumers stand to benefit from recent changes in the industry as profitable airlines reinvest in new planes and expand their networks.

This book addresses changes to the financial health of the U.S. airline industry since 2007; changes to the structure of the market since 2007; how consumers have been affected by these changes; and views of stakeholders on the key challenges to airline competition and actions the federal government could take to address these challenges. This book also presents the results of analyses of the relationship between competition, measured at the individual route level, and airline service quality, also measured at the individual route level. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (pp. 1-60)
United States Government Accountability Office

Chapter 2 – Airline Mergers: Issues Raised by the Proposed Merger of American Airlines and US Airways, Statement of Gerald L. Dillingham, Director, Physical Infrastructure Issues, Government Accountability Office. Hearing on “Airline Industry Consolidation” (pp. 61-86)

Chapter 3 – Reductions in Competition Increase Airline Flight Delays and Cancellations (pp. 86-112)
U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Inspector General


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