Air Pollution: Effects and Dangers

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Jorge Esteban Colman Lerner (Editor) – Assistant Researcher of National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina (CONICET, Argentina); Associate Professor at the Arturo Jauretche National University (UNAJ, Buenos Aires, Argentina) and Teaching Assistant at the National University of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Series: Air, Water and Soil Pollution Science and Technology

BISAC: TEC010010

Air pollution from anthropogenic sources has been and continues to be considered a serious environmental problem affecting public health. Its seriousness lies in the fact that it raises the level of pollutants in places where their impact on human health is most likely. Therefore, air pollution is a major threat to public health worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) more than two million premature deaths per year are attributable to the effects of outdoor and indoor air pollution. More than half of this burden of disease is borne by populations in developing countries.

Epidemiological studies in several countries have shown that chronic exposure to traffic-related pollutants and chemicals and petrochemicals, such as particulate matter (PM), metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with PM, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and inorganic gases (SO2, NOx, O3) produce adverse effects on development and affect lung function; along with an increase in respiratory diseases, often expressed in terms of diagnosed asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular effects and increased mortality.

For all this, it is important to characterize and quantify air pollution and to recognize and assess the associated health effects, and different tools can be used individually or together. These tools are presented in this book, initially in introductory form (Chapters 1 to 3) and then in applied form in different case studies (Chapters 4 to 10) for the assessment of air pollution and associated risk.

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Description

Preface

Chapter 1. Atmospheric Pollutants
(Daniela Giuliani, Daniela Mellado, Jorge E. Colman Lerner – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 2. Air Quality Models
(Santiago Aguilar Ferraro, Micaela B. Del Sole, Daniela Mellado, Erica Y. Sanchez – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina)

Chapter 3. Health Effects of Pollutants
(Myriam Aguilar, María de los Angeles Gutiérrez, Natacha S. Represa, Andrés Porta – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 4. Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Estimate Air Emissions Inventories (Aei): Case of Waste Collection Service in an Intermediate City
(Beatríz S. Sosa and Nicolás E. Cisneros Basualdo – Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Ambientales (CINEA-UNICEN), Tandil, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 5. Transportation Risk Assessment Methodology for Hazardous Materials to Improve Urban Disaster Prevention
(Micaela B. Del Sole, Natacha S. Represa, Karina B. Balbi, Santiago Aguilar Ferraro and Erica Y. Sanchez – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 6. Health Impact Assessment of Benzene Levels Emitted by Gas Stations in the City of La Plata, Argentina
(Maria L. Lefevre, Santiago Aguilar Ferraro, Jorge E. Colman Lerner and Erica Y. Sanchez – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 7. Source Apportionment of Ambient Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Gran La Plata, Argentina
(Daniela Mellado, Daniela Giuliani, Jorge E. Colman Lerner, Pablo M. Demetrio and Erica Y. Sanchez – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

Chapter 8. Regional Reference Values for Spirometric Parameters in Young People of La Plata, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
(Myrian E. Aguilar and Andrés Porta – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina)

Chapter 9. Contributions of Data Science to Air Quality Management: An Integrated Air Pollution Decision Support System
(Natacha S. Represa, Jesús Palomar-Vázquez, Alfonso Fernández-Sarría and Andrés Porta – Geo-Environmental Cartography and Remote Sensing Group, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain)

Chapter 10. Data Science Approach for Urban Monitoring Network Assessment with Application in Buenos Aires (Authors: N.S. Represa, M.F. García Ferreyra, G. Abril, A. Porta)
(Natacha S. Represa, María F. García Ferreyra, Gabriela Abril and Andrés Porta – Centro de Investigaciones del Medioambiente (CONICET-UNLP), La Plata, Argentina, et al.)

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