AIDS and Tuberculosis: Public Health Aspects

Daniel Chemtob (Editor)
Department of Turberculosis and AIDS, Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel

Joav Merrick, MD, MMedSci, DMSc, (Editor)
Medical Director, Health Services, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Adolescent Medicine, KY Children’s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Pediatrics, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Centers, Mt Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel
School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Series: Health and Human Development
BISAC: MED022020



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) have complex health and societal determinants with large impacts. Worldwide, the burden of these infectious diseases are huge, especially in the 22 countries with a high TB burden, where more than 80% of TB worldwide occurs and in sub-Saharan Africa, where 67% of the world’s HIV/AIDS cases occurred. Despite different ways of transmission and the fact that several separate national programs often exist, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are linked. They are often affecting similar population groups (e.g. vulnerable and other minorities groups) and HIV is the most potent risk factors in increasing the risk of progression from latent TB infection (LTBI) to disease among the two billions individuals estimated with LTBI worldwide, while the relative risk of HIV is more than 20. Therefore, it is crucial to combine and coordinate the efforts when addressing TB and HIV issues. Diverse responses have been developed, both at international and country levels for tackling the different health and social components of these diseases. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )


Introduction: Preventing and treating tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. A worldwide public health challenge
(Daniel Chemtob and Joav Merrick)

Section One:

Chapter 1. Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the liver in patients co- infected with HIV and HCV/HBV: A meta analysis
(Paulin Basinga)

Chapter 2. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and persons with disability/intellectual disability
(Joav Merrick, Ruth Talnir, Samuel Gross, Daniel Chemtob, Shoshanah Aspler, Isack Kandel and Mohammed Morad)

Chapter 3. Healthy Israel 2020: Objectives, targets, and evidence-based strategies to prevent tuberculosis and HIV infection in Israel
(Daniel Chemtob and Elliot Rosenberg)

Chapter 4. Summative evaluation of a community mobilization program to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in HIV disease
(William W Darrow, Sunny Kim, Julie E Montanea, Claudia L Uribe, Elizabeth Sánchez-Braña and Hugh Gladwin)

Chapter 5. Health beliefs regarding latent tuberculosis among ethnic groups in Northeast Florida
(Sabiha Hussain, David Wood, Peter Wludyka and Ana Alvarez)

Chapter 6. Non-Israeli migrants and HIV in Israel: The Tel-Aviv CRUSAID Kobler AIDS Center experience
(Dan Turner, Dganit Bahry, Eugene Katchman, Michal Kazir, Rivka Kessner, Michal Dekel, Boaz Avidor and Israel Yust)

Chapter 7. Israeli-migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia) and HIV: Medical and social issues. The experience of one major HIV center
(Daniel Elbirt, Ilan Asher, Keidi Broda, Ben Werner, Keren Mahlev-Guri, Serge Gradstein, Michael Burke, Yafa Cohen, Simha Tadessa, Sara Radain-Sade, Eli Magen and Zev Sthoeger)

Chapter 8. The national HIV/AIDS hotline in Israel: Data on utilization, quality assurance and content
(Inon Schenker, Daniel Chemtob, Neta Yamin, Nadav Shtechman and Hanni Rosenberg)

Chapter 9. Epidemiology of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV infections among intravenous drug users in Jerusalem, Israel
(Daniel Chemtob, Maxim Gurevitz, Shabtai Levitt, Niva Basudo-Manor, Emmy Shufman and Shlomo Maayan)

Chapter 10. Multiple Intracranial Tuberculoma in a BCG Vaccinated Infant
(Mohd Ashraf, Mohd Mubarik, Koushal Khajuria and Tanveer I Dar)

Chapter 11. Human immunodificiency virus (HIV) in a residential care center for persons with intellectual disability in Israel: A needle in a haystack investigation
(Samuel Gross, Joav Merrick, Ruth Talnir, Shoshana Aspler, Isack Kandel, Mohammed Morad and Daniel Chemtob)

Section Two: Acknowledgements

Chapter 12. About the editors

Chapter 13. About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Chapter 14. About the Health and Human Development Book Series

Section Three: Index

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