Agro-based Ecotoxicological Preview on Anthropogenic Activities on Ecosystems

Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, PhD (Editor)
Chartered Water and Environmental Manager, Nairobi, Kenya

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI013090

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This book provides selected authorship on anthropogenic impacts caused by arsenic, lead, chromium and other pollutants and contaminants emanating from identified activities (e.g. tanning industry, effect of irrigation water and exposure to living tissue). The basis of the study is to improve on the knowledge and spread awareness to the general public. In this book, identified impacts associated with arsenic, chromium, lead, salinity induced processes, effluents and selected synthetic tannins provide a preview of how identified anthropogenic activities can degrade and affect terrestrial, aquatic and human health. In light of this, the individual chapters pursue (to some extent) an experimental and descriptive approach in explaining these aspects.

All the contributors of these chapters are specialists in their areas of specialization with very strong research backgrounds. Thus, the book has a formidable basis of communicating the science that is relevant for agronomical activities when evaluating the effluent generation from anthropogenic view, its disposal, potential impacts towards irrigation related to specific geographical areas and the human occupational risks involved overall. It is, therefore, apparent that identifying the denudating aspects of the ecosystems is a paramount step towards building appropriate diagnostic, preventive and curative capabilities in managing the environmental sustainably.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

1. Comparative Review of Biotechnological based Diagnostics in Selected Agro-based Activities
(Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, COMESA- Leather and Leather Products Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

2. Impact on Soil Profile Resultant of Effluent from Hides and Skins Curing Process – A Case Study of Kenya
(Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, COMESA- Leather and Leather Products Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

3. Impact of Salinity Emanating From Tannery Environment: Leather Processing To The Ecosystem
(Sayeed Sadulla, Indian Leather Products Association- Southern Region, Chennai, India)

4. Preview of Ameliorants as Remediate to Lead Contaminated Soils and Relevance of Biosensors as Diagnostic Tools
(Edmond Gatima, Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, Aberdeen, UK, and COMESA- Leather and Leather Products Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

5. Determination of Adsorption Efficiency Based on Cation Exchange Capacity Related to Red Earth, Bone Meal and Pulverised Fly Ash as Ameliorants to Lead Contaminated Soils
(Edmond Gatima, Aberdeen, UK)

6. Evaluation of Application of Superphosphate and Importance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus Mosseae on Phosphorus and Arsenic Uptake in Lentil (Lens culinaris L.)
(Fazle Rabbi Sadeque Ahmed, Community Climate Change Project (CCCP), Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), E-4/B, Agargaon Administrative Area, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

7. Impacts of Arsenic Contaminants and Mycorrhizas on Leguminous (Lens culiaris L.) on Plant Growth, Nutrient Uptake and Toxicity
(Fazle Rabbi Sadeque Ahmed, Community Climate Change Project (CCCP), Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), E-4/B, Agargaon Administrative Area, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

8. Impact of Selected Tannins on Biochemical, Hematological and Major Tissue Organelles in Albino Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Wistar Strain
(A. Gnanamani, M. Sudha, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Cennai, Tamil Nadu, India)

9. Genotoxicity Assay of Synthetic Tannins and Potential Impacts to Ecosystems
(A. Gnanamani, M. Sudha, T.N. Sathya, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Cennai, Tamil Nadu, India, and others)

Index

"This book seems to be a potential as a reference of some cornerstones to carry over this ecosystem to the next ages. It has a wide angled perspective of environmental aspects comprising salinity, harmful effects to living cell, xenobiotics, abiotic and biotic impacts. I strongly recommend the book to the academicians and researchers willing to contribute to the particular branch of environmental science.” - Reviewed by Bahri Basaran, Dr., Professor, EGE University, Department of Leather Engineering, Turkey

"This book provides readers an in-depth knowledge on important topics related to anthropogenic activities that can degrade and affect terrestrial, aquatic and human health. I highly recommend the book to the academic and professional audience who are interested in conserving the ecosytems health and sustainability. I am also confident that the book can be used as training manual in environment related training programs." - Mekonnen Hailemariam, Professor, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture-Addis Ababa University/ & Value Addition Expert - COMESA/Leather and Leather Products Institute

It is anticipated that in taking cognizance of the wellbeing of the various ecosystems and public health, crucial recommendations are available to enrich on awareness creation, improved scope of knowledge and scholastic in-depths for further research. Thus, the benefits are directed towards professionals in environmental conservancy and management, ecotoxicologist, agronomists and those in the tanning industry. Postgraduate students, researchers in biosciences and general public who intend to expound their knowledge base on day to day agronomical and agrobased processing impact to environment.

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