Advances in Thermodynamics Research


Joseph A. Cobb (Editor)

Series: Physics Research and Technology

BISAC: SCI065000

This book consists of three chapters that each describe recent advancements in the field of thermodynamics, which is a branch of physics that deals with heat, work, and temperature. Chapter One provides a calculated confirmation of the theoretical positions of the concept of non-equilibrium and its mathematical apparatus using examples of determining the loss of non-equilibrium of adiabatic and isolated systems. Chapter Two focuses on the thermodynamic behavior of hydrophobic non-electrolyte tetramethylurea (TMU) and well-established hydrophilic non-electrolyte urea (U) in three solvents forming a three-dimensional H-bond network on a supramolecular level viz. water, ethylene glycol (EG) and formamide (FA). Chapter Three introduces the concept of generalized entropy and discusses some of its properties.


Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Concept of Non-Equilibrium as the Basis of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
(Vladimir Vitalievich Ryndin – Department of Mechanics and Oil and Gas Engineering, Toraighyrov University of Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan)

Chapter 2. Solvophobic and Solvophilic Effects in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Solutions of Urea and Tetramethylurea
(Andrey V. Kustov and Evgeniy V. Ivanov – Kresov Institute of Solution Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ivanovo, Russian Federation)

Chapter 3. An Introduction to Generalized Entropy and Some Quantum Applications
(Paul Bracken – Department of Mathematics, University of Texas, Edinburg, TX, US)


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