Advances in Thermodynamics Research


Joseph A. Cobb (Editor)

Series: Physics Research and Technology

BISAC: SCI065000

This book consists of three chapters that each describe recent advancements in the field of thermodynamics, which is a branch of physics that deals with heat, work, and temperature. Chapter One provides a calculated confirmation of the theoretical positions of the concept of non-equilibrium and its mathematical apparatus using examples of determining the loss of non-equilibrium of adiabatic and isolated systems. Chapter Two focuses on the thermodynamic behavior of hydrophobic non-electrolyte tetramethylurea (TMU) and well-established hydrophilic non-electrolyte urea (U) in three solvents forming a three-dimensional H-bond network on a supramolecular level viz. water, ethylene glycol (EG) and formamide (FA). Chapter Three introduces the concept of generalized entropy and discusses some of its properties.




Chapter 1. The Concept of Non-Equilibrium as the Basis of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
(Vladimir Vitalievich Ryndin – Department of Mechanics and Oil and Gas Engineering, Toraighyrov University of Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan)

Chapter 2. Solvophobic and Solvophilic Effects in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Solutions of Urea and Tetramethylurea
(Andrey V. Kustov and Evgeniy V. Ivanov – Kresov Institute of Solution Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ivanovo, Russian Federation)

Chapter 3. An Introduction to Generalized Entropy and Some Quantum Applications
(Paul Bracken – Department of Mathematics, University of Texas, Edinburg, TX, US)


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