Advances in Sociology. Volume 24

Jared A. Jaworski (Editor)

Series: Advances in Sociology Research
BISAC: SOC026000

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In this volume of Advances in Sociology Research. Volume 24, the consequences of entrapment in insecure, low-status/low wage jobs of migrants and how these affect their decision to return to their origin countries via the AVRR Program during the economic crisis in Greece are examined using results from in-depth interviews. The authors suggest that regardless of the socioeconomic conditions in their origin country, workers are negatively impacted due to prolonged stay and isolation in jobs with low or zero social and labor mobility, thus promoting their entrapment. Additionally, ethnic, racial and gender division of labor alienates workers from primary and secondary solidarity groups and ties related to their origin county. In a different study, 475,760 fifteen-year-olds in 65 countries were analyzed, showing that in countries with greater inequality of family income or school inequalities, students learned less mathematics. This study offers evidence that family and school inequalities operate in part through fewer educational resources both inside and outside school. This volume also includes a study on cyberbullying, utilizing cross-sectional, longitudinal, cross-sequential, mixed-methods, qualitative, and quantitative research designs. Research is drawn from various disciplines, including psychology, sociology, media and communication studies, education, social work, and computer science, ending with recommendations for ending cyberbullying and a demand that it be considered a global concern.

Later, a chapter in included on the health-illness nexus and people´s beliefs about this. The authors carried out 49 interviews in a group of TB patients, or with their families in the case of deceased patients, trying to understand their beliefs about their lives and whether or not their behavior changed with the TB or diabetes diagnosis. Authors also provide an extensive systematic literature review of ISI Web of Science (WoS), Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, DOAJ, EbscoHOST, Scirus, Science Direct, the Cochrane Library and ProQuestusing using the following key words: “fasting”, “Ramadan”, “Islam”, and “immunity” in order to ascertain the impact of Ramadan fasting on the immune system. The problem of antisocial behavior (ASB) is also investigated. Drawing from the findings of a structured questionnaire survey on owner-occupiers of private multi-owned housing developments in Hong Kong, the authors aim to analyze the relationship between environmental design of a housing community and residents’ ASB perceptions. The compilation ends with a chapter social constructionism, mainly discussing the aim of intervention and the empowerment of users. The authors maintain that “it is important to discover the reality inside each individual, a reality immanent to him, connected with his thoughts and perceptions.”

Preface

Chapter 1. ''I Have a Bad Job and I’m Alone Here, but I’m Not Even Thinking of Going Back Home!'' Repercussions of Entrapment in Precarious Employment, Low-Status Work and the Shattering of Family and Community Networks of Solidarity and Social Protection of Migrants in Greece in Times of Crisis, on Their Decision Not to Return to Their Origin Countries via the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Program
Theodoros Fouskas, PhD (Sociologist, Laboratory Associate (2016-2017), Department of Social Work, School of Health and Welfare Professions, Athens University of Applied Sciences, Greece)

Chapter 2. Family and School Inequality Reduce Education Resources and Overall Student Learning
Ming Ming Chiu (Chair Professor of Analytics & Diversity, Department of Special Education and Counselling, Faculty of Education and Human Development, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)

Chapter 3. Cyberbullying
Michelle F. Wright and Bridgette D. Harper (Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, US, and others)

Chapter 4. On Disease, Stigma, Habits and Medicine
MLucía Castañeda Cediel (PhD Candidate, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico)

Chapter 5. Ramadan Fasting and Its Impact on the Immune System
Mohammad Adawi, MD, Abdulla Watad, MD, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, MD, PhD, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Stav Brown, Kassem Sharif, MD, Khaled Ghanayem, Farah Raymond, MD, Hussein Mahagna MD, Naim Mahroum, MD (Padeh and Ziv Hospitals, Bar-Ilan Faculty of Medicine, Israel, and others)

Chapter 6. Designing out ASB? An Exploration of the Relationship between Environmental Design and Residents’ Perceptions of Antisocial Behavior
Yung Yau and Shuk Man Chiu (Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)

Chapter 7. The Impact of Social Constructionism in Social Work
M. J. Úriz Pemán, PhD and J. J. Viscarret Garro, PhD (Social Work Department. The Public University of Navarre, Pamplona, Spain)

Index

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