Advances in Semiconductor Research: Physics of Nanosystems, Spintronics and Technological Applications

Dominique Persano Adorno, PhD (Editor)
Department of Physics and Chemistry, Group of Interdisciplinary Physics and CNISM, University of Palermo. Viale delle Scienze, Ed.18 90128 Palermo (Italy)

Sergey I. Pokutnyi (Editor)
Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI055000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The world of semiconductor research is continuously expanding our knowledge of the physics governing phenomena at micro and nano scales, driving the development of new technologies and rapidly enhancing the quality of our everyday life. The huge amount of scientific papers published today in this field of research confirms the great interest of the scientific community in semiconductor science and its future applications. However, this enormous growth of available scientific information sometimes makes the familiar channels of communication considerably less effective, because of the difficulties for experts in a given field to keep up with the current literature. Advances in Semiconductor Physics Series has been conceived mainly to improve this situation.

This monograph presents a collection of selected contributions reporting some of the most stimulating and challenging results obtained by recent researches in the field of semiconductor physics. About the same number of theoretical, experimental and simulative studies have been included in this book, driven by the basic idea that all these different types of investigations are equally important in increasing our understanding of the physics of semiconductors. All contributions are designed and written with the aim of reporting research findings having a wide interest for an audience as broad as possible, including both graduate and masters students, as well as specialists in experimental, theoretical, or applied research in the physics of semiconductors.

In order to increase its readability, the book is structured into separate sections, describing recent results from researches on the following topics: (i) semiconductor nanophysics and optics and spectroscopy of nanostruсtures, (ii) spintronics and (iii) technological applications. This rich selection of important results of the current research in semiconductor physics highlights the great fertility and liveliness of scientific research in the various fields of this topic. Many questions raised in this book have practically never been addressed in the monograph literature. In this respect, the Editors are confident that this book will be useful as a reference and also contribute to further progress in the study of semiconductors. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgments

SECTION 1. PHYSICS OF NANOSYSTEMS

Chapter 1 - Quantum Size Effects in Semiconductor Nanocrystals (pp. 3-28)
Faming Gao and Lihua Gao (Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China)
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Chapter 2 - Bi-Functionality of Semiconductor Nanoparticles with a Switching Mechanism (pp. 29-44)
Rui Qing and Wolfgang M. Sigmund (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, USA)

Chapter 3 - Enhancement of the Lifetime of Metastable States in Er-Doped Si Nanocrystals by External Colored Noise (pp. 45-56)
S. Spezia, D. Valenti, D. Persano Adorno and B. Spagnolo (Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica, Group of Interdisciplinary Physics, Università di Palermo and CNISM-INFM, Unità di Palermo Viale delle Scienze, Palermo, Italy)

Chapter 4 - Exciton States Spectroscopy in Quasi - Zero - Dimensional Semiconductor Nanostruсtures: Theory (pp. 57-72)
Sergey I. Pokutnyi (Chuіko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 5 - Theory of Excitons and Quasimolecules Formed from Spatially Separated Electrons and Holes in Quasi - Zero - Dimensional Semiconductor Nanosystems (pp. 73-90)
Sergey I. Pokutnyi (Chuіko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

SECTION 2. SPINTRONICS

Chapter 6 - Spin Dynamics in Semiconductors in the Streaming Regime (pp. 93-104)
L. E. Golub and E. L. Ivchenko (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 7 - Spin Dynamics in One-dimensional Semiconductors: Unusual Relaxation and Resonance (pp. 105-146)
E. Ya. Sherman, D. V. Khomitsky and V. K. Dugaev (Department of Physical Chemistry, Universidad del Pais Vasco, 48080 Bilbao, Spain and IKERBASQUE Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain and others)

Chapter 8 - Electron Spin Relaxation Process in Silicon Crystals (pp. 147-158)
D. Persano Adorno, N. Pizzolato and C. Graceffa (Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica, Group of Interdisciplinary Physics, Università di Palermo and CNISM-INFM, Unità di Palermo Viale delle Scienze, Palermo, Italy)

SECTION 3. TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Chapter 9 - Magnetosensitive Nanocomposites with Functions of Medicobiological Nanorobots: Synthesis and Properties (pp. 161-198)
P. P. Gorbyk, L. B. Lerman, A. L. Petranovska and S. P. Turanska (O.O. Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 10 - Titanium Dioxide Coupled with Small Band-Gap Metal Oxides Sputtered Films for Bacterial Inactivation on Textiles (pp. 199-226)
Sami Rtimi, Cesar Pulgarin, Rosendo Sanjines and John Kiwi (EPFL-SB-ISIC-GPAO, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland)

Chapter 11 - Plasma Wave Excitation by Terahertz Electric Signal in High Electron Mobility Transistors (pp. 227-244)
A. Mahi, C. Palermo, H. Marinchio, G. Sabatini, A. Belghachi and L. Varani (Univ. Montpellier, IES, UMR 5214, F-34000, Montpellier, France and others)

Chapter 12 - The P-Type Doping of ZnO: Mirage or Reality? (pp. 245-282)
Mauro Mosca, Roberto Macaluso, Fulvio Caruso, Valerio Lo Muzzo and Claudio Calì (Department of Energy, Information Engineering, and Mathematical Models (DEIM), Thin Films Laboratory, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Palermo, Italy)

Chapter 13 - Thermoelectric and Magneto-Optic Semiconductor Single Crystals and Ceramics - Fabrication and Applications (pp. 283-296)
Mythili Prakasam and Alain Largeteau (CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, ICMCB, Pessac, France)

Index

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