Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 140


Alexandra M. Columbus (Editor)

Series: Advances in Psychology Research
BISAC: PSY000000

Using cognitive processing and crosslinguistic perspectives, the opening chapter of Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 140 considers the characteristics and needs of Anglophone-struggling readers; teachers’ needs in supporting their instruction; and how ongoing Reading Wars divisiveness about word-reading creates the need for research to establish the differing skills and instructional needs of high-progress and low-progress readers.

Next, the authors provide an overview of existing literature on the antecedents of peace choices and attitudes to evaluate the peace choice with reference to both top-down and bottom-up cognitive processes. The conclusions are discussed in the light of peace education choices related to both controlled and automatic processes.

This collection goes on to analyse factors that affect group decision-making efficiency. The results are discussed assuming the bifurcation parameter as an operative measure of group efficiency and relaying them to the multidimensional theory.

The penultimate chapter presents a review of a research program aimed at examining the role that the need for cognitive closure, a motivational tendency to reduce uncertainty, confusion, and ambiguity, plays in multitasking performance, preference, and behavior.

The concluding chapter focuses on how, when the forged alliance between client and therapist falls in the gray area, the client can be fully protected and served more so than had the alliance not been considered or rejected out of excess caution.

(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Practical School-Level Implications of Cognitive Processing and Cognitive Load
(Bruce Allen Knight, PhD, and Susan A. Galletly, PhD, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia)

Chapter 2. Choose Peace: The Role of Automatic and Controlled Processes in Peace Decision-Making
(Mauro Cavarra, Virginia Canegallo and Rosa Angela Fabio, Centro Ipnosi Nicoletta Gava, Turin, Italy, and others)

Chapter 3. Effects of Group Size, Task Complexity and Time Pressure on Decision Making Efficiency
(Rosa Angela Fabio, Sandro De Santis, Virginia Canegallo and Tindara Caprì, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Via Bivona, Messina, Italy, and others)

Chapter 4. Does Multitasking Require a Flexible Mind? Individual Differences in Need for Cognitive Closure and Multitasking Performance, Preference, and Behavior
(Ewa Szumowska and Małgorzata Kossowska, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)

Chapter 5. Helping the Client Therapeutically and Collaboratively: A Case Study
(Eric A. Kreuter, PhD, Yorktown Heights, New York, New York and Cathleen M. Olson, Sebastian, Florida)


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