Advances in Psychobiology

Francesco Chiappelli, Ph.D. (Editor)
Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry Department of the Health Sciences, California State University, Northridge, CA, US

Series: Health Psychology Research Focus
BISAC: PSY030000

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Broadly defined psychobiology is a wide field of scientific endeavor, which bridges the artificial divide imposed by the Cartesian philosophy of things of the mind and things of the body. Starting in the early decades of the 20th century, mind-body research developed new avenues of understanding in Western science. It became increasingly clear that processes attributed to the psyche, including emotions, cognitions, memories, and personalities, had important effects upon physiological events, could disrupt homeostasis, determined and controlled allostasis, and arose, in fact, from biological phenomena driven by cell biology, biochemistry, genomics and, in a larger sense, interactomics. In brief, psychobiology reunited, at last, the sciences of psychology and physiology.
Current advanced research in psychobiology proffers a new perspective on human and animal behavior, with cognitions, emotions, and traits describing the interaction between biological systems and behavior. Today, novel frontiers in psychobiology research encompass how cognition (what we are thinking) and mood (how we are feeling) combine with, determine and are engendered by biological events.
The superb chapters that compose this book are written by the premier internationally and most renowned psychobiologists in the world at this time. They examine several of the most important domains of psychobiology research today: from a novel conceptualization of stress in the context of the person-environment fit model, to the modulation of immune surveillance by perceived stress, the alterations of cognition by pharmaceutical use and over-use, as well as from athletic training or ionization poisoning to, ultimately, the brain-gut interaction. The role of functional MRS in the study of advanced research questions in psychobiology is also discussed in depth.
Taken together, this collection of chapters make this book on advanced psychobiology both timely and critical. Expectations are that future research development in psychobiology, as the field continues to advance, will continue to strive to understand how psychological and biological connections shape the human experience. Psychobiology will increasingly provide a uniquely new perspective in psychology on the one hand, and on the other hand, in biology along several of the dimensions proffered in this book.

Preface

Chapter 1. Current and Future Directions in Psychobiology: The Person-Environment Fit
(Francesco Chiappelli and Marena Martinez Kutschman, Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry, and Department of the Health Sciences, California State University, Northridge, CA, US)

Chapter 2. Cognitive Enhancing in Healthy Subjects: A Pharmacology-Based Point of View
(Alberto Panerai, Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milano, Italy)

Chapter 3. The Polypharmacy Phenomenon: A Review of Risk Reduction Strategies in the Older Adult
(Hourig A. Karalian and Joan M. Sorich, Hackensack Meridian Health, Westwood, NJ, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Periodization of Biofeedback Training: New Trends in Athletic Preparation
(Boris Blumenstein and Iris Orbach, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel, and others)

Chapter 5. Psychophysiology Research in the Detection of Ionizing Radiation Effects
(K. Loganovsky, MD, PhD, Dr. Med. Sci., T. Loganovskaja, MD, PhD, and K. Kuts, Department of Radiation Psychoneurology, Institute of Clinical Radiology of National Research Centre for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 6. Long Term Effects of Delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Exposure in Adolescence on Peripheral and Central Cytokines
(Paola Sacerdote, Sarah Moretti, Silvia Franchi, and Giorgia Moschetti, Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milano, Milano, Italy, and others)

Chapter 7. Clinical Perspectives of the Immune-Hematopoietic Correlates of Circadian Rhythms and Melatonin
(Georges Maestroni, Center of Research in Medical Pharmacology, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy)

Chapter 8. The Gut-Brain Axis in Neuropsychopathology
(Sharon L. Hollins, Jessica Bruce, Simon Keely, and Deborah M. Hodgson, Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, AU)

Chapter 9. Glucoallostasis and Higher Integrative Brain Functions
(Menizibeya O. Welcome, ªenol Dane, Nikos E. Mastorakis, and Vladimir A. Pereverzev, Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 10. An Overview of the Neurochemistry Measurable with 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Neuropsychiatric Research: Towards Development of Functional MRS as a Tool for Psychobiology
(Joshua Chiappelli and Andrea Wijtenburg, Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, US)

Chapter 11. Neuropsychological Functions of the Gut Microbiota
(Menizibeya O. Welcome, Nikos E. Mastorakis, and Vladimir A. Pereverzev, Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria, and others)

Index

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