Advances in Nanotechnology. Volume 20

Zacharie Bartul and Jérôme Trenor (Editors)

Series: Advances in Nanotechnology
BISAC: TEC027000




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In this compilation, the authors discuss nanopowders, or powders with a particle size of less than 100 nanometers. Several nanopowder types have effectively been synthesized with potential applications as follows: Fe3O4 and BaFe6O19 (as magnetic materials, microwave absorbent, magnetic fluid and gel), SiO2 (as fillers to enhance mechanical strength), and CaCO3 (as coating for corrosive protection, food additives, cosmetics and drugs). This method allows for the production of high purity nanopowders with a moderately narrow crystal size distribution and unique morphology. Next, the innovative approaches to address the lightning strikes and EMI shielding effects on composite aircraft are examined, noting that composite aircraft protection against lightning is more complex due to the anisotropic nature of composite structure and high resistance of carbon in epoxy resins. The authors go on to present results of studies of composite electrochemical coatings modified by nano- and microparticles of various natures are presented, considering the operational properties and structural features of main types of composite coatings. Later, recent advances in synthesising highly ordered Titana nanotubes are explored, with regard to selection of suitable titanium based substrate and electrolyte apart from process parameters. These parameters include temperature, pH, voltage and applications in the areas of global warming , solar energy, photocatalytic applications, biomedical starting from implants to drug-eluding stents, sensors, and hydrogen storage.

A chapter is presented on practical ways for fabricating cost-effective equipment for deposition of nanofilms, covering the most versatile techniques of sol-gel deposition and sputter-coating. The authors maintain that by applying individual ingenuity to the described frugal techniques, the reader should be able to form nanofilms of various materials with properties tailored to suit the intended application. Afterwards, the authors describe the soft, hard templated, and hierarchically ordered strategies concerning nanotechnology applied to fabricate porous carbon materials. Additionally, relevant advantages and disadvantages aim to provide the vital information about the growing field for future energy to minimize the potential environmental risks. Moving on, the authors introduce new research and related literature concerning the synthesis of cobalt diselenide (CoSe2) nanoneedle arrays for efficient hydrogen evolution electrolysis. Future aspects for improving the performance of transition metal dichalcogenide-based electrocatalytic electrodes are also examined. Lastly, a study on formation of nanoporous silicon and germanium layers with silver nanoparticles by low-energy high-dose ion implantation is presented. The authors suggest ion implantation for the formation of naoporous semiconductor thin layers, which could be easily combined with the crystalline matrix for various applications.


Chapter 1. Nanopowders Produced from Natural Sources Using the Simple Coprecipitation Method
Malik Anjelh Baqiya, Munasir, Mochamad Zainuri, Zaenal Arifin, Mashuri, Triwikantoro, Suminar Pratapa, and Darminto (Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia, and others)

Chapter 2. Mitigation of Lightning Strikes on Composite Aircraft via Micro and Nanoscale Materials
Ibrahim M. Alarifi, Waseem S. Khan, Muhammad M. Rahman, and Ramazan Asmatulu (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Fairmount, Wichita, KS, USA, and others)

Chapter 3. Composite Electrochemical Coatings: Deposition, Structure and Operational Properties
V.N. Tseluikin (Engels Technological Institute, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov, Engels, Saratov Oblast, Russia)

Chapter 4. Recent Advances in Titania Nanotube Technology
I.V.S. Yashwanth, I. Gurrappa, and J.S. Burnell-Gray (Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA, and others)

Chapter 5. Frugal Techniques for Depositing Nanofilms
Raminder Kaur, Ph.D., Jobanpreet Singh, and Balraj Singh Saini, Ph.D. (Department of Basic and Applied Sciences, and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala (Pb.), India)

Chapter 6. Synthesis Strategies of Porous Carbon Materials with Nanotechnology for Future Energy
Kelvii Wei Guo (Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

Chapter 7. Nanostructured Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Hydrogen Evolution Electrocatalysis
Chuan-Pei Leea (Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan)

Chapter 8. Syntheses of Porous Silicon and Germanium Layers with Silver Nanoparticles by Ion Implantation
A.L. Stepanov, V.V. Vorobev, V.I. Nuzhdin, V.F. Valeev, A.M. Rogov, and Y.N. Osin (Nanooptics and Nanoplasmonics Dept., Kazan Physical-Technical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan, Russia, and others)


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