Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 97

Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000

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$190.00

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The chapters in this volume of Advances in Medicine and Biology, present the latest research in medical research. Chapter One provides an overview of molecular biology approaches for Dengue diagnosis and research in Brazil. Chapter Two identifies host factor predictors and clinical determinants associated with Dengue Fever versus Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in an adult population. Chapter Three summarizes the symptoms, risk factors, diagnostic approaches, and treatment of gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children, from a pulmonary perspective. Chapter Four provides a brief overview on the role of some potential dietary natural products in the prevention of GERD and treatment with particular reference to the findings of the latest preclinical investigations or clinical trials. Chapter Five investigates the mechanism of onset of syringomyelia, a disease that produces fluid-containing cavities in the parenchyma of the spinal cord, using an adhesive spinal arachnoiditis model created by injection of kaolin into the subarachnoid space. Chapter Six outlines the approach to syringomyelia that starts with a functionally oriented classification based on the underlying cause of the syrinx and its accompanying specific cavitary pattern, and it also elucidates the main pathophysiological mechanisms involved and suggested in the formation and propagation of the cavitation. Chapter Seven summarizes the prevalence and virulence characteristics of L. pneumophila in aquatic environments including natural and artificially-controlled water environments such as hot springs in Japan. Chapter Eight discusses the basic biomechanical characteristics and forces acting on the ankle under static conditions and their influences on artificial total ankle replacement designs. The authors of Chapter Nine suggest that the adverse tissue reaction to aseptic loosening of arthroplasty can serve as a reliable clinical model, which has a considerable prevalence and adequately represents the toxicity of nanomaterials in the human body. They also discuss how to better make use of previous and ongoing models for nanotoxicology study. Chapter Ten describes the nasal deformities associated with congenital clefting and outlines the timing and techniques used to correct these deformities. Chapter 11 presents the technique and results of augmentation rhinoplasty with silicone implant in Asians. Chapter 12 discusses surgical treatment of resectable, borderline resectable and locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancers. Chapter 13 presents a practically orientated overview of principal problems of diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls in pulmonary embolism (PE) affecting elderly patients from the point of view of a geriatrician. The final chapter examines the negative side effects of Zolpidem, a medication often used for insomnia. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Chapter 1. Molecular Biology Approaches for Dengue Diagnosis and Research in Brazil: An Overview
Fernanda de Bruycker-Nogueira, Nieli Rodrigues da Costa Faria, Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Manoela Heringer, Thaís Chouin-Carneiro, Patricia Carvalho de Sequeira, Monique da Rocha Queiroz Lima, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis and Flavia Barreto dos Santos (Flavivirus Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Predictors of Dengue Fever Versus Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Infections Among Indonesian Adults in Bandung, West Java
Charmagne G. Beckett, Herman Kosasih, Bachti Alisjahbana, Irani F Rudiman, Susana Widjaja, Djoko Yuwono, Nurhayati, Nugroho H. Susanto, HadiJusuf, Patrick J. Blair, Timothy H. Burgess, Maya Williams and Kevin R. Porter (Viral Diseases Program, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia, and others)

Chapter 3. Pulmonary Manifestations of Reflux Esophagitis in Infancy: Identifying the Problem and Developing Age Appropriate Solutions
John Bishara and Sindhu Harsha Vardhan (Fellow in Pediatric Pulmonology, Winthrop University Hospitals, NY, USA) and Sathyaprasad Burjonrappa (Director of Pediatric Surgery, Winthrop University Hospitals and Associate Professor of Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY, USA)

Chapter 4. Role of Natural Products on Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease Prevention and Treatment


Sirima Mahattanadul (Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand)

Chapter 5. Pathogenesis of Syringomyelia Induced by Adhesive Arachnoiditis: Experimental Alternations in the Spinal Cord After Kaolin Injection into Subarachnoid Space in Rabbits
Shigeru Kobayashi (Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan, and others)

Chapter 6. Adult Syringomyelia: Classification, Pathogenesis and Therapeutic Approaches
F. Cacciola, P. Gallina, R. Conti and N. Di Lorenzo (Neurosurgery Depts, University of Siena and University of Florence, Italy)

Chapter 7. Widespread Dissemination of Legionella pneumophila in Aquatic Environments
Masato Tachibana, Hiroshi Asakura, Masahisa Watarai (Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health Sciences, Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 8. The Biomechanics of Ankle Joint and the Design of Total Ankle Replacements
Madhusudhan Nannaparaju, Wasim S. Khan and Krishna Vemulapalli (Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Queen’s Hospital, Barking, Havering and Redbridge NHS Trust, Romford, London, UK)

Chapter 9. Aseptic Loosening of Arthroplasty: A Valuable Clinical Model for Nanotoxicology Research
Chunming Wang and Lei Dong (State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China, and others)

Chapter 10. Analysis and Treatment of Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity
Gabriel Martínez-Capoccioni, Selvyn González-Melgar, and Carlos Martín-Martín, Servizo Galego de Saúde (Department of Otorhinolaryngology of University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

Chapter 11. Augmentation Rhinoplasty with Silicone Implant in Asians
Apirag Chuangsuwanich (Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand)

Chapter 12. Surgical Treatment of Resectable, Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancers
Vladimir Djordjevic, Aleksandra Buha and Mirko Kerkez (Clinic for Digestive Surgery, First Surgical Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 13. Pulmonary Embolism in Old Age: Has It any Exceptionality and Uniqueness?
D. Prudius, and P. Weber (Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and Practical Medicine, Masaryk University and University Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic)

Chapter 14. The Dark Side of Zolpidem: A Meeting Point between Emergency Physician and Forensic Toxicologist
Foscarina Della Rocca, Miranda Zoleo, Francesca Pignatiello, Rossella Snenghi, Donata Favretto (Emergency Department, University Hospital of Padova, Padova, Italy, and others)

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