Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 195


Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000

This volume includes eight chapters describing recent advancements in medicine and biology. Chapter One describes molecular communication among legume and rhizobia in the early stages of symbiosis. Chapter Two gives a comprehensive review of the physiochemical, pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties of diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Chapter Three dissects the novel aspects of the glucocorticoid receptor mechanism of action covering the latest findings that reveal the roles of heat-shock protein 90-binding immunophilins managing the glucocorticoid action and how these proteins influence biological response. Chapter Four explains a technique for in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer in women with diminished oocyte reserve that pays strict attention to not down-regulating key follicle stimulating hormone receptors. Chapter Five describes the use of four-dimensional computed tomography for the detection of enlarged parathyroids in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism. Chapter Six reveals the changes in the blood concentration of cell-free DNA and a number of biochemical and hemocytological parameters in the early stages of radiation cystitis development after local irradiation of the female rat pelvic region. Chapter Seven includes an evaluation of the safety and efficacy of pediatric appendectomy as compared to antibiotic-only treatment. Finally, Chapter Eight discusses a novel four-dimensional computed tomography technique that consists of sixteen different contrast phases instead of three or four phases, enabling detection of structures with a very short enhancement pattern.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Molecular Communication among Legume and Rhizobia in the Early Stage of Symbiosis
(Saswati Sen – Department of Biochemistry. University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India)

Chapter 2. Physiochemical, Pharmacological and Pharmacokinetic Properties of Diclofenac
(S. Sahin and N. Izat – Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey)

Chapter 3. Mechanism of Action of the Glucocorticoid Receptor. Essential Role of TPR-Domain Immunophilins
(M. D. Galigniana – Department of Biological Chemistry, Exact & Natural Sciences School, University of Buenos Aires, & IBYME-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Chapter 4. A Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Receptor Up-Regulation Technique as a Method for Follicular Recruitment for in Vitro Fertilization-Embryo Transfer in Women with Diminished Oocyte Reserve
(J. H. Check – Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, New Jersey, USA)

Chapter 5. 4DCT for the Detection of Parathyroid Adenomas
(S. Raeymaeckers, M. Tosi, C. Andreescu, D. Jacobs-Tulleneers-Thevissen and J. De Mey – Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel/VUB, Belgium, et al.)

Chapter 6. Changes in Cell-Free DNA, Indicators of Lipid Metabolism, and Cellular Composition of Blood during the Development of Radiation Cystitis in Rats
(I. N. Vasilyeva, O. V. Korytov, S. D. Ivanov, A. L. Semenov, and L. I. Korytova – N. N. Petrov National Medical Research Centre for Oncology, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, et al.)

Chapter 7. Safety and Efficacy in Pediatric Appendectomy
(Paul Truche and Sathyaprasad Burjonrappa – Resident, Department of General Surgery, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, et al.)

Chapter 8. High-Frequency Multiphase 4DCT Imaging
(S. Raeymaeckers, M. Tosi, Y. De Brucker, N. Buls and J. De Mey – Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel/VUB, Brussels, Belgium, et al.)


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