Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 194


Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000

This volume includes eight chapters which describe recent advances in medicine and biology. Chapter One summarizes new therapeutics for the treatment of optic neuritis, a condition involving primary inflammation, demyelination, and axonal injury of the optic nerve. Chapter Two uses animal models of viral myocarditis to study the natural history, genetics, pathogenesis, and clinical manifestation of viral myocarditis in humans. Chapter Three evaluates the functions of fibroblast growth factors in physiological mechanisms, their role in maintaining homeostatic balance, their role in signal transduction regulation, metabolism and interactions between organisms, and their relationship with diseases. Chapter Four investigates the potential of antibiotics to fight against the inherently nonspecific adaptation mechanisms of bacteria. Chapter Five deals with new methodologies for drug development to counter the evolution of mechanisms to resist antibiotics such as efflux pumps in bacteria that cause infectious disease. Chapter Six concerns the development of new therapeutic strategies regarding the involvement of brain neuropeptides in alcohol use disorder. Chapter Seven examines growth promotion and changes in functional constituents through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi symbiosis in Asian ginseng. Finally, Chapter Eight explicates procedures for postoperative care in thoracic surgery.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. New Perspectives in the Therapeutics of Optic Neuritis
(Marcos L. Aranda, Marcelo Pellegrino, María F. González Fleitas, Hernán H. Dieguez, Mónica Chianelli, María I. Keller Sarmiento, Pablo H. Sande, Damián Dorfman and Ruth E. Rosenstein – Laboratory of Retinal Neurochemistry and Experimental Ophthalmology, Department of Human Biochemistry, School of Medicine/CEFyBO, University of Buenos Aires/CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Chapter 2. Viral Myocarditis from Animal Models to Human Diseases
(Akira Matsumori – Clinical Research Center, Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan)

Chapter 3. Fibroblasts and their Biophysiological Effects
(Asuman Çanak – Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey)

Chapter 4. Multidrug Efflux Pump, Adequacy and Multi-Resistance. Is it Possible to Fight against the Inherently Nonspecific Adaptation Mechanism Only with Antibiotics?
(Marcos López-Pérez and Salvador Mirete – Department of Environmental Sciences, Metropolitan Autonomous University (Lerma Unit), Col. La estación, Lerma de Villada, Estado de México, México, et al.)

Chapter 5. Profiles of Genetic Expression Associated with Resistance to Antibiotics; New Methodology for New Drugs Development
(Marcos López-Pérez, Rina María González-Cervantes, Humberto García-Arellano and José Félix Aguirre-Garrido – Department of Environmental Sciences, Metropolitan Autonomous University (Lerma Unit), Col. La estación, Lerma de Villada, Estado de México, México)

Chapter 6. Involvement of the Substance P/Neurokinin-1 Receptor System in Alcohol Use Disorders
(Francisco David Rodríguez and Rafael Coveñas – Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Salamanca, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 7. Growth Promotion and Changes in Functional Constituents through AMF Symbiosis in Asian Ginseng
(Md. Abdullah Al Mahmud1 and Yoh-ichi Matsubara – The United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan, et al.)

Chapter 8. Postoperative Care in Thoracic Surgery: How to Do It
(Shebab Mohamed, Luca Bertolaccini and Lorenzo Spaggiari – Department of Thoracic Surgery, IEO, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan, Italy, et al.)


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