Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 153

Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This compilation opens with a review of the structure and life cycle of neuraminidase in influenza A, and also discusses the method of developing neuraminidase inhibitors derived from natural products and peptides.

Following this, the authors describe the different uses of chlorhexidine in the medical field, focusing on dental use. Particularly, the authors discuss its: properties, chemistry, forms of presentation, substantivity and cytotoxicity; uses in dentistry: cariology, periodontology, oral surgery and endodontics.

Additionally, the authors discuss rufinamide, a novel triazole derivative which differs from commercial antiepileptic drugs. It is used as an adjunctive medicine in children, adults and the elder population, and administered orally.

One study discusses antiviral treatment for the avian influenza A virus using neuraminidase inhibitors such as oseltamivir and zanamivir. Although both inhibitors show therapeutic and prophylactic activities against the H5N1 strains, it is proposed that treatment should be further developed in order to increase the efficiency of the inhibitors against the strains.

Angiogenesis or neovascularization is a global term which indicates the physiological process involving the sprouting of new blood vessels from the pre-existing ones. The development of new blood vessels from differentiating endothelial cells is called vasculogenesis. This collection addresses how these processes are vital for tissue development and wound healing in damaged tissues.

The spectrum of spondyloarthritides with inflammatory bowel disease and enteropathic arthritis is examined in an effort to give the reader an insight into the risk factors, treatment and prognosis of this clinically challenging rheumatic disease.
Later, the principles of optical coherence tomography-guided femtosecond laser cataract surgery are explored. The combination of femtosecond laser surgery and optical coherence tomography imaging simultaneously guides the development of next-generation femtosecond surgical lasers in cataract surgery and explores femtosecond-laser surgical strategies.

The authors present a novel colorimetric method for the assay of XI using a reducing monosaccharide determination. The test solution was mixed with 20-fold volume of the 50 mM Na2SiO3, 600 mM Na2MoO4, and 0.95 M HCl aqueous solution (pH 4.5), in which a yellow molybdosilicate species was formed.

The penultimate chapter introduces the origin, preparation, applications of Taiyi Shenzhen (Taiyi Moxa Stick Moxibustion), and reviews the relevant research in the past ten years.

The concluding study focuses on the daily foraging of honeybees, which is one of the most well-organized social behaviors that exist among social insects. Honeybees are extensively used model animals in behavioral studies for understanding the time-space learning, landmark use and concept of learning.
(Imprint: Nova Medicine and Health)

Preface

Chapter 1. Neuraminidase Inhibitor as Influenza Treatment
(Yulianti and Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, West Java, Depok, Indonesia)

Chapter 2. Chlorhexidine: Uses in Dentistry
(Amanda Almeida Costa, MD, and Fernando Oliveira Costa, PhD, Department of Clinical, Pathology and Dental Surgery, Dentistry School, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte/Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 3. An Overview of a Novel Antiepileptic Drug (AED) Rufinamide in Lennox–Gastaut Syndrome (LGS)
(Francis Micheal, M. M. Balamurali and Kaushik Chanda, Chemistry Division, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India, and others)

Chapter 4. Antiviral Treatment and Therapy against Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1)
(Vincent Jonathan Fleming and Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan, Bioinformatics Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia)

Chapter 5. Angiogenesis in Sickle Cell Disease
(Charles Antwi-Boasiako and Eric S. Donkor, Department of Physiology, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana, and others)

Chapter 6. Enteropathic Arthritis: Risk Factors, Treatment and Prognosis
(Tamer A. Gheita, MD, Heba A. Gheita, PhD, and Sanaa A. Kenawy, PhD, Rheumatology Department, Kasr Al-Ainy School of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, and others)

Chapter 7. Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Refractive Surgery
(Hui Sun, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 8. Colorimetric High-Throughput Microplate Assay of Xylose Isomerase and Its Application to Improve the Enzyme Activity
(Hajime Katano, Takafumi Itoh and Takao Hibi, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Fukui Prefectural University, Eiheiji, Fukui, Japan)

Chapter 9. Taiyi Shenzhen (Taiyi Moxa Stick Moxibustion) – A Special Way to Cure
(Zhang Fuqing, Department of Literature and Information Science, Shanghai Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, Shanghai, China)

Chapter 10. Immediate Early Genes as Search Tool for Finding Cellular and Molecular Events Underlying Social Behaviors of Honeybees: A Brief Commentary
(Asem Surindro Singh, PhD, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, US)

Index

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