Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 123

Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Chapter One provides extensive knowledge about the second generation cephalosporin, cefaclor, which possesses antibacterial activity against aerobic Gram-positive microbes, and better coverage against Gram-negative microbes. Chapter Two gives an overview of microbial responses against chloramphenicol, with special focus on mechanisms of resistance. Chapter Three covers Cetirizine, an optimal second-generation antagonist of peripheral histamine H1 receptors. It is a drug well known for its long duration of activity, rapid onset of action, and minimal potential of drug interactions. Chapter Four outlines and discusses the changes in perforin expression in a human NK cell line exposed continuously to asbestos fibers, as well as that of CTLs freshly isolated from asbestos-exposed patients with pleural plaque or mesothelioma, and examines changes in these cells following in vitro stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and ionomycin. Chapter Five shows the peptide TNIIIA2 has an ability to hyper-stimulate PDGF-dependent proliferation of NIH3T3 cells by activating integrin alpha5/beta1. Chapter Six discusses the history of cholangiography, compares it to newer techniques, and explores the therapeutic options for abnormal findings. Chapter Seven considers the advantages and pitfalls of fluorescence cholangiography in open and laparoscopic hepatobiliary surgery. Chapter Eight reviews Prior ipsilateral thyroid surgery (PITS), which has habitually been considered a contraindication for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). The final chapter focuses on child abuse in a clinical context, and suggests that in all forms of child abuse, there should be a clear separation between clinical care of the child and forensic and criminal investigations. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Chapter 1. Cefaclor: Clinical, Biochemical, Analytical and Stability Aspects
Adeel Arsalan, PhD, Iqbal Ahmad, PhD, DSc and Syed Abid Ali, PhD (Department of Pharmaceutics, Baqai Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan, and others)

Chapter 2. Microbial Responses and Resistance to Chloramphenicol
Jyumpei Kobayashi and Hirokazu Suzuki (Graduate School of Science, Technology and Innovation, Kobe University, Hyogo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 3. Cetirizine: Indications, Contraindications and Adverse Effects
Nicolas Andrews Mungo, MD, Keerthi Reddy, MD, Lyda Cuervo-Pardo, MD and Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, MD (Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, USA, and others)

Chapter 4. Alteration of Perforin Status Caused by Asbestos Exposure in CTL and NK Cells
Naoko Kumagai-Takei, Yasumitsu Nishimura, Hidenori Matsuzaki, Suni Lee, Kei Yoshitome, Shoko Yamamoto, Miho Ikeda, Tamayo Hatayama, Megumi Maeda and Takemi Otsuki (Department of Hygiene, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Japan, and others)

Chapter 5. Deregulation of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF)-Dependent Cell Proliferation through Potentiated and Sustained Activation of β1-Integrin, Induced by Tenascin-C-Derived Peptide TNIIIA2
Takuya Iyoda, PhD and Fumio Fukai, PhD (Department of Molecular Patho-Physiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba, Japan, and others)

Chapter 6. Intra-Operative Biliary Imaging Techniques with Discussion on Routine vs. Selective Intra-Operative Cholangiography
Jairo A. Espinosa, Timothy H. Truong, Leandra H. Burke and Earl M. Norman (Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, US, and others)

Chapter 7. Fluorescence Cholangiography Using Indocyanine Green: Development History and Clinical Applications
Takeaki Ishizawa, MD, PhD, FACS, Akio Saiura, MD, PhD and Norihiro Kokudo, MD, PhD, FACS (Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 8. Is Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy Feasible in Patients with Previous Ipsilateral Thyroid Surgery?
Roberto de la Plaza Llamas, José Manuel Ramia Ángel, Vladimir Arteaga Peralta, Cristina García Amador, Aylhín Joana López Marcano, Aníbal Armando Medina Velasco and Begoña González Sierra (Department of Surgery, Hospital General Universitario de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain)

Chapter 9. Before Disaster Happens: Multiple Forms of Childhood Maltreatment
Ewa Otto-Buczkowska and Anna Lorenc (Medical Specialist Centre in Gliwice, Poland, and others)


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