Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 112

Leon V. Berhardt (Editor)

Series: Advances in Medicine and Biology
BISAC: MED000000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The chapters in this volume present the latest developments in medicine and biology. Chapters One describes the oxidative stress in disease and health, as well as the action of classic and new antioxidants. Chapter Two examines an investigation by big data analysis of the the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect on human health problems. Chapter Three provides a literature review of the associations between sedentary behavior and health-related outcomes in Japan. Chapter Four assesses non-specific chronic low back pain and reviews management strategies. Chapter Five studies scleroderma and its mythological background. Chapter Six reviews the possible mechanisms of 5-HT and their metabolites as common protectors against oxidative stress produced by animal venoms. Chapter Seven focuses on the effect of broad bean true mosaic virus (BBTMV) and salicylic acid (SA) treatments on the concentrations of photosynthetic pigments, total phenolics content, protein contents and the yield of susceptible and tolerance broad bean cultivars. Chapter Eight reviews the photochemical (photooxidative) activity of xanthone itself and the preventive effect of xanthone derivatives on photosensitized DNA damage. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Chapter 1. The New Natural Antioxidants in Health
Margarete D. Bagatini, Roberta Schmatz, Sarah F. V. de Oliveira, Gabriela G. de Oliveira, Débora T. R. Silva, Andréia M. Cardoso, Beatriz S. R. Bonadiman, Grazielle C.Weis, and Fabiano Carvalho (Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, SC, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 2. An Investigation by Big Data Analysis of the Urban Heat Island Effect on Human Health Problems
Kayoko Yamamoto and Shota Sashiyama (Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, University of Electro-Communications Tokyo, Chofu, Tokyo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 3. A Literature Review of the Associations between Sedentary Behavior and Health-Related Outcomes in Japan
Shigekazu Ukawa, Toru Shirakawa, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Satoyo Ikehara, Shigeru Inoue, Hiroyasu Iso, and Akiko Tamakoshi (Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan, and others)

Chapter 4. The Assessment and Management of Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain
Mary O’Keeffe and Kieran O’Sullivan (Department of Clinical Therapies, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, and others)

Chapter 5. Scleroderma and its Mythological Background
Ernst G. Jung, Heidelberg (University of Heidelberg, Medical Faculty, Mannheim, Germany)

Chapter 6. Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress Induced by the Presence of Serotonin in Venoms
David Calderón Guzmán, Hugo Juárez Olguín, Ernestina Hernández García, Gerardo Barragán Mejía, Maribel Ortiz Herrera, and Norma OsnayaBrizuela (Laboratory of Neurochemistry, National Institute of Pediatrics (NIP), Mexico City, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 7. Induced Resistance against Broad Bean True Mosaic Virus in Faba Bean Plants using Salicylic Acid
Esam K .F. Elbeshehy (Biological Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, University Of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)

Chapter 8. Photosensitizing Activity of Xanthone and Chemopreventive Action of its Derivatives on Phototoxicity
Kazutaka Hirakawa (Applied Chemistry and Biochemical Engineering Course, Department of Engineering, Graduate School of Integrated Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan, and others)


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