Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 52


Maryann C. Wythers (Editor)

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research
BISAC: TEC021000

This volume includes seven chapters that present recent updates in materials science research. Chapter One reviews recent theoretical investigations on designing single-atom catalysts as efficient electrocatalysts in key energy conversion reactions including the oxygen evolution reaction, hydrogen evolution reaction, oxygen reduction reaction, and carbon dioxide reduction reaction. Chapter Two investigates the potential of zirconium-based adsorbents for the sequestration of dyes and heavy metals from water bodies. Chapter Three highlights the active centers of catalytic synthesis of ammonia on a sequence of single-atom catalysts, metal alloys and clusters using density functional theory calculations, semi-empirical calculations, microkinetic modeling and experimental data. Chapter Four deals with the application of zirconium and zirconium alloys in the biomedical field. Chapter Five summarizes the latest commercially available strategies for reducing and replacing the use of toxic and polluting sanitizing agents in the food industry while still allowing for a long-lasting effect against bacterial contamination. Chapter Six includes the results of a study of metal matrix composites for identification of non-agglomerated nanodiamonds. Lastly, Chapter Seven shows that electron tunneling through a potential barrier that separates two colloidal quantum dots of germanium leads to the splitting of electron states localized over spherical interfaces.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Ab Initio Studies of Two-Dimensional Carbon-Based Single-Atom Catalysts (SACs)
Yanan Zhou¹, PhD, Xiaoping Gao², PhD and Lin-Wang Wang³, PhD
¹Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China
²School of Chemistry and Materials Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China
³Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USA

Chapter 2. Zirconium Based Adsorbents as Promising Materials for the Sequestration of Dyes and Heavy Metals from Waterbodies
Priyanka Priyadarsini Samal and Soumen Dey – Department of Chemistry, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India

Chapter 3. Metal, Alloy and Single-Atom Catalysts for Ammonia Synthesis
A. R. Cholach, PhD – Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

Chapter 4. Zirconium and Zirconium Alloys for Biomedical Use
T. Hanawa¹,² PhD, and N. Nomura³, PhD
¹Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
²Center for Advanced Medical Engineering Research and Development, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
³Department of Materials Processing, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Chapter 5. Antibacterial Activity of Nanotechnologically-Coated Materials Approved for Food Contact
Alessandro Di Cerbo¹, Roberto Canton², Roberta Stocchi¹, Stefano Rea¹ and Anna Rita Loschi¹
¹School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Matelica, Italy
²Moma Nanotech Srl, Brugherio, Italy

Chapter 6. Application of Synchrotron Radiation or Identification of Non-Agglomerated Nanodiamonds Inside Metal Matrix in Composites
V. Popov – Department of Physical Metallurgy of Non-ferrous Metals, National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Moscow, Russia

Chapter 7. The Splitting of Exciton States in Nanosystems with Semiconductors Colloidal Quantum Dots
Sergey I. Pokutnyi¹,² and Volodymyr Ya. Gayvoronsky²
¹Chuіko Institute of Surface Chemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
²Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


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