Advances in Marine Biology. Volume 4


Adam Kovács (Editor)
Patrik Nagy (Editor)

Series: Advances in Marine Biology
BISAC: SCI039000

The opening chapter describes the characteristics, challenges and opportunities pertaining to the Strait of Hormuz and reviews the present and future conditions of the marine environment in the region.

Next, the authors analyze phytoplankton chlorophyll-a data obtained on 27 oceanographic cruises in the southern Gulf of Mexico between 1979 and 2000. Four cruises were selected to report variations of chlorophyll-a associated with hydrographic conditions (temperature and salinity) in surface waters, one in April 1983 and three in different seasons in 1987.

Data on the abundances of >105 cells/L of the non-toxic benthic-planktonic widely distributed ubiquitous pennate diatom Cylindrotheca closterium as a causative agent of harmful algal blooms in the coastal waters of the northern Yucatan Peninsula, with an emphasis on four marinas, are presented in the following chapter.

Following this, studies are presented wherein it is shown that substrate type, species diversity, stem and root density, predator, seasons, and mate display activity affect the zonal and spatial distribution as well as the diameter of a burrow in semi-terrestrial crabs.

The authors go on to highlight the applications of the most active compounds present in marine macroalgae known as polyphenols, as well as their isolation using green extraction methods. Their bioactive properties are reviewed and their potential for health improvement is evaluated.

The penultimate chapter focuses on tributyltin, a toxic compound with broad-spectrum activity toward diverse marine species, and how it affects marine environments.

The closing chapter examines the several molecular methods which have been evaluated for species identification, phylogenetic analyses, and determining the population structure of Thunnus.
(Imprint: Nova)




Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Strait of Hormuz: Characteristics, Challenges and Opportunities in the Northern Coastline
(Moslem Daliri, Morteza Salahi, and Abolfazl Naji, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences and Technologies, University of Hormozgan, Bandar-Abbas, Iran)

Chapter 2. Phytoplankton Chlorophyll-a Concentration Associated with Hydrographic Conditions on the Continental Shelf in the Southern Gulf of Mexico
(Sergio Licea, Ruth Luna, Yuri B. Okolodkov, Roberto Cortés-Altamirano, Artemio Gallegos, Ismael Mariño-Tapia, and Cecilia Enríquez, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (ICMyL-UNAM), México, D.F., México, and others)

Chapter 3. Blooms Caused by the Diatom Cylindrotheca Closterium along the Northern Coast of Yucatan, Southeastern Gulf of Mexico (2001–2014)
(Fany del C. Merino-Virgilio, Yuri B. Okolodkov, Ana C. Aguilar-Trujillo, Iliana Osorio-Moreno, Ismael Gárate-Lizárraga, Luc Ector, and Jorge A. Herrera-Silveira, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados – Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINESTAV-IPN), Unidad Mérida, Mérida, Yucatán, México, and others)

Chapter 4. The Identification, Characteristic Feature and Role of Burrow (Neoichnological) Structure in Bioturbation Activities of Ocypodoid and Grapsoid Crabs of Pakistan
(Noor Us Saher, Asmat Saleem Siddiqui, Sahir Odhano, Uroj Aziz, Muhammed Asif Gondal, and Naureen Aziz Qureshi, Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan, and others)

Chapter 5. Macroalgal Polyphenols: Isolation, Characterization and Bioactivity
(Ana-Marija Cikoš, Igor Jerković, and Stela Jokić, University of Josip Juraj Strossmayer in Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Osijek, Croatia, and others)

Chapter 6. Marine Bacteria with Strong Survivability toward Tributyltin
(Haruo Mimura, Graduate School of Maritime Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan)

Chapter 7. Molecular Identification of Thunnus Species
(Mei-Chen Tseng, Department of Aquaculture, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan, R.O.C.)



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