Advances in Hydrogeochemistry Research


S. Saeid Eslamian (Editor)
Professor of Hydrology and Water Resources, Academic Member Campus, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

Faezeh Eslamian (Editor)
Department of BioResources Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Series: Water Resource Planning, Development and Management
BISAC: TEC010030

Hydrogeochemistry is of great application in reconstructing the previous groundwater circulation under ice sheets due to meltwater recharging the subsurface having a geochemical signature that could be discriminated from the other sources of water produced under warmer climates. Many hydrogeological factors could affect the geochemical composition of groundwater. These include the climate conditions, the lithology of the substrate and its hydraulic conductivity, the weathering, the length of the flow path, the penetration depth, the groundwater flow velocity and the residence time of groundwater.

In recent years, hydrogeochemistry advances in analytical technology have allowed hydrogeochemical surveys to become a very powerful exploration technique. The new research works in this area are very broad and extensive. In this mini book, it is impossible to bring all of these novel techniques. The current Advances in Hydrogeochimistry Research book is limited to some diverse examples in different regions of the earth. As an introduction, chemical interaction between surface water and groundwater has been explained and discussed. A hydrogeochemical perspective of the wetland systems is then drawn. It has been combined with the biological remediation. Contaminant fate and transport in both groundwater and soil are also studied using different image analysis techniques. A case study in an Arab region of the world is comprehensively undertaken and the impact of groundwater pollution and quality on regional economics has been investigated. The concepts, classifications and applications of the groundwater modeling for solute transport simulation have been defined in the saturated porous media of the earth. An African analysis was done on assessing the microbiological quality of potable groundwater from the selected protected and unprotected wells in Zimbabwe. 36Cl for dating groundwater was contributed on the Guarani Aquifer System, located beneath the surface of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay and is the second largest known aquifer system in the world and is attributed as an important source of freshwater. For semi-arid and arid zones of Iran, geospatial techniques in hydrogeochemistry have been used by intersecting the layers and statistical analysis. Then, a hydrochemical analysis of the bottled mineral waters has been comparatively studied. In another part of Africa, a semiarid part of North Eastern Nigeria, physicochemical characteristics of groundwater are widely determined. It has been also shown that the hydraulic fracking associated with the coalbed methane production has a great impact on water resources. Finally, various case studies have been done on the environmental state of freshwater, natural resources and mine waters in the some parts of Serbia, Spain and Central Asia. In addition, the implications on regional water resources management have been indicated.

This book is intended primarily as a textbook at the graduate/research level and as a guide for field engineers, enabling them to remain current with scientific developments. As a simple prerequisite, the readers should have basic background knowledge in groundwater engineering and a general understanding of environmental and geological processes.
(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Chemical Interaction between Groundwater and Surface Waters
(Saeid Eslamian and Mousa Maleki, Department of Water Engineering, Collage of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran, and others)

Chapter 2. Biological Remediation Using Wetland Systems: A Hydro-Geochemical Perspective
(Anthony E.Mader, Saeid Eslamian and AnthonyTurton, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa)

Chapter 3. Impact of Groundwater Pollution-Quality on Regional Economics: A Case Study in the Arab Region
(Souha El Khanji and Saeid Eslamian, Lebanese International University, Lebanese University, Middle East Enlight Research, ‎Beirut, Lebanon, and others)

Chapter 4. Groundwater Modeling and Its Concepts, Classifications, and Applications for Solute Transport Simulation in Saturated Porous Media
(Masoud Saatsaz and Saeid Eslamian, Department of Earth Sciences, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran, and others)

Chapter 5. Assessing the Microbiological Quality of Potable Groundwater from Selected Protected and Unprotected Wells in Murehwa District, Zimbabwe
(Fiona Munyebvu, Never Mujere, Rajendra Kumar Isaac and Saeid Eslamian, Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe, and others)

Chapter 6. 36Cl Contribution for Dating Groundwaters from the Guarani Aquifer System
(Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Leslie Keith Fifield and Saeid Eslamian, Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Câmpus de Rio Claro, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 7. Geospatial Techniques in Hydrogeochemistry by Intersecting the Layers and Statistical Analysis, Mashhad, Iran
(Ali Akbar Jamali and Saeid Eslamian, Department of GIS-RS and Watershed Management, Maybod Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maybod, Iran, and others)

Chapter 8. A Comparative Hydrochemical Study of Bottled Mineral Waters
(Daniel Marcos Bonotto, Gabrielle Roveratti and Saeid Eslamian, Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Câmpus de Rio Claro, RIio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 9. Physicochemical Assessment of Groundwater Quality in a Semiarid Part of North East Nigeria
(Gabriel Ike Obiefuna and Saeid Eslamian, Department of Geology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 10. Impact on Water Resources by Hydraulic Fracking Associated with Coalbed Methane Production
(David Steffy, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, Alabama, US, and others)

Chapter 11. The Environmental State of Freshwater Resources in Man-Made Lakes of Serbia
(Gordana Dević, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 12. Hydrogeochemistry of Circum-Neutral Mine Waters in the Anglès Old Mining Area, North Eastern Spain
(Andrés Navarro, Department of Fluid Mechanics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Colón, Terrassa, Spain)

Chapter 13. Evaluation of Natural Water Quality in the Jungar Basin in Central Asia and Its Implications on Regional Water Resource Management
(Bing-Qi Zhu and Saeid Eslamian, Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and others)

Chapter 14. Evolution and Characteristics of Natural Waters under Arid Climate in Northern Tianshan Mountains, Central Asia
(Bing-Qi Zhu and Saeid Eslamian, Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and others)


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