Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 78


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease
BISAC: MED000000

This volume contains nine chapters that detail advances in health and disease. Chapter One provides an overview of stress and mental health problems among students in Japan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Chapter Two addresses general aspects of allergy development and, as a model, structural studies for an essential group of allergenic proteins, the 2S albumins. Chapter Three reviews recent studies on the role of inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of the most common diseases of the oral cavity. Chapter Four emphasizes and sheds light on the critical role of Interleukin-17 as a mediator in the pathogenesis of and potential target for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. Chapter Five focuses on the application of physical and chemical principles to better understand and treat xerosis cutis (dry skin). Chapter Six displays that game theory provides a suitable framework to model the intensive care unit cost and study the cooperation between clinical units in a hospital. Chapter Seven examines personality theories that have dealt with anxiety. Chapter Eight discusses the Markov model. Lastly, Chapter Nine provides an updated report of the employment of induced pluripotent stem cells as a model to study adverse drug reactions.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Mental Health of Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan
Masahito Fushimi, MD, PhD
Akita University Health Center, Akita University, Akita City, Akita Prefecture, Japan

Chapter 2. Allergen Structures and Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy (ASIT)
Tatiana de Morais Lodi, Mariana Giarola Benedito Bartholazzi and Olga Lima Tavares Machado
Laboratory of Chemistry and Function of Proteins and Peptides, Center for Biosciences and Biotechnology, State University of Norte Fluminense-Darcy Ribeiro, Brazil

Chapter 3. Inflammatory Mediators in Oral Diseases: Pathogenic Mechanisms
Cristiane Cantiga-Silva1, MSc, Flávio D. Faria1, MSc, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro2, PhD and Luciano T. A. Cintra1, PhD
1Department of Preventive and Restorative, Endodontics Section, São Paulo State University (Unesp), School of Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil
2Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Medicine Disciplines, Dentistry Course at School Of Health Sciences, Amazonas State University (UEA), Amazonas-AM, Brazil

Chapter 4. The Role of Interleukin-17 (IL-17) – A Critical Mediator of Inflammatory Arthritis
T. Aarthi1, B. Jegadeshwari2, S. D. Saraswathy2, P. Sivasakthi1, P. Senthamil Selvan1 and E. Sanmuga Priya1
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University College of Engineering, Anna University, BIT Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Biomedical Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India

Chapter 5. Xerosis Cutis, Aging and Treatment with Gel-Based Lipids Formulations: Mechanistic Understanding and Product Development
Vivian Li1, MMS and Jinjiang Li2, PhD
1Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
2Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of New York, New York, New York, USA

Chapter 6. A Framework for Intensive Care Units’ Cost Using Game Theory
Salvador Castillo Rivera1, PhD and Ana María Castillo Rivera2, PhD
1Department of Mathematics, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés, Madrid, Spain
2Department of Critical Care and Emergency, Intensive Medicine Unit, Jaén Hospital Complex, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

Chapter 7. Anxiety: From Normality to Psychopathology, the Underlying Role of Personality
Behrooz Afshari1, Shaghayegh Tavakoli2, Fatemeh Jafarian Dehkordi3 and Negar Mortazavi Nia4
Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kashan, Iran
2Islamic Azad University-Kashan Branch, Kashan, Iran
3Department of Psychiatry, Golestan Hospital, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4Department of Psychology, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Chapter 8. Markov Modelling of the Service Demand, Workforce Size, and Funding Budget of a New Paediatric Health Service
Kenneth Lo
Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
ORCID: 0000-0002-8871-7895

Chapter 9. A Closer Look at Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: IPSCS as an Innovative Tool for Adverse Drug Reactions Assessment and Therapy Personalization
Paola Rispoli1, Tatiana Scandiuzzi Piovesan1, Giuliana Decorti1,2, Gabriele Stocco1,2 and Marianna Lucafò3
University of Trieste, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, Trieste, Italy
2Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy
3University of Trieste, Department of Life Sciences, Trieste, Italy


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