Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 75


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease
BISAC: MED000000

This volume contains nine chapters that detail advances in health and disease. Chapter One presents a review of bone remodeling physiology, existing bone turnover markers (BTMs), the relationship between BTMs and bone loss, as well as their role in fracture prediction. Chapter Two discusses the effects of Vitamin E on the male reproductive system. Chapter Three focuses on how the integration of third-country nationals (TCNs) in Greek society has been affected during the pandemic (2020-2022). Chapter Four presents the capabilities of the artificial intelligence technology Data Mining. Chapter Five details Beta-Glucans. Chapter Six discusses improving the results of endoscopic surgery for urolithiasis. Chapter Seven gives a brief explanation of psychosomatic disorders and investigates them through four approaches: biomedical, psychodynamic, behavioral, and cognitive abnormality. Chapter Eight aims to sum up existing scientific evidence about the efficacy of probiotic-based interventions as therapy for vulvovaginitis, highlighting the role of Lactobacillus. Lastly, Chapter Nine ensures patient safety in endoscopic surgery by studying the causes of complications, and creating measures to prevent them.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Bone Turnover Markers and Their Role in Osteoporosis, Particularly in Patients with Rheumatic Diseases
Liudmyla Denyshchych, PhD and Sergii Shevchuk, MD
Department of Internal Medicine #2, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine

Chapter 2. The Effects of Vitamin E (α-tocopherol) on the Male Reproductive System and Infertility
Cengiz Gokbulut, PhD and Fazilet Sen, MD
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey

Chapter 3. Disproportionately Vulnerable: The Increased Exclusion of Immigrants, Asylum Seekers and Refugees During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Greece
Theodoros Fouskas1, George Koulierakis1, Athanasios Theofilopoulos1, Dimitrios Georgiadis1, Fotini Maria Mine1, Georgia Pantazi1, Sofia Konstantopoulou1, Kyriakoula Merakou1 and Fabiola Ortega-de-Mora2
Department of Public Health Policy, School of Public Health, University of West Attica, Greece
2Department of Education and Social Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain

Chapter 4. Data Mining Technology Usage for Lyme Disease Course Prediction in Children for Computerised Diagnostic Systems
A. S. Sverstiuk1, S. O. Nykytyuk2 and Y. B. Palanytsa3
1Medical Informatics Department of I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
2Department of Pediatric and Children Surgery, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ukraine
3Radio Engineering Systems Department, Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University, Ternopil, Ukraine

Chapter 5. Beta-Glucan: Sources, Extraction, Characterization, Immunological Activity, and Applications
Lourdes Valadez-Carmona1, Eduardo Ríos-García2, Carla Patricia Plazola-Jacinto3 and Marcela Hernández-Ortega4
1Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Biológicas Aplicadas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, México
2Laboratorio de Farmacología Cardiovascular y Medicina Hiperbárica Experimental, Escuela Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México
3Departamento de Ingeniería Bioquímica, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México
4Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud (CICSA), Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac México, Lomas Anáhuac, Huixquilucan, Estado de México, México

Chapter 6. From Safety to Efficacy
Shukhrat Mukhtarov1,2, Shukhrat Giyasov1,2, Furkat Nasirov1,2, Yodgorbek Safaev1,2, Ismail Ziyaev1 and Askar Rakhimbaev1
Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center of Urology, Tashkent City, Uzbekistan
2Tashkent Medical Academy, Tashkent City, Uzbekistan

Chapter 7. Psychosomatic Disorders: From Psychopathology Considerations to Treatment Perspectives
Behrooz Afshari1, Behnoosh Aramfar2, Shaghayegh Tavakoli3, Zohreh Balagabri4 and Nayereh Mardi5
Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran
2Department of Psychology, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3Islamic Azad University-Kashan Branch, Kashan, Iran
4Farhangian University of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran
5Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University of Sanandaj, Sanandaj, Iran

Chapter 8. The Efficacy of Probiotic-Based Interventions as Therapy for Vulvovaginitis: The Role of Lactobacillus
A. I. Álvarez-Mercado1,2,3, Ana García-Oliva4, Ana Barón-Díaz4 and M. J. Sáez- Lara1,2,4
1Biosanitary Research Institute of Granada – ibs.GRANADA, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Granada, Spain
2Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix”, Biomedical Research Centre, University of Granada, Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud, Armilla, Granada, Spain
3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, Granada, Spain
4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, School of Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Chapter 9. Endoscopic Surgery: Ensuring Patient Safety
Shukhrat Giyasov1,2, Farkhad Akilov1,2, Shukhrat Mukhtarov1,2 and Furkat Nasirov1,2
”Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center of Urology”, Tashkent City, Uzbekistan
2Tashkent Medical Academy, Tashkent City, Uzbekistan


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