Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 71


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease
BISAC: MED000000

This volume contains eight chapters that detail recent advances in health and disease. Chapter One presents the benefits that Beta blockers may provide to the management of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Chapter Two discusses the use of ceramide in skin care products. Chapter Three explores the world of the main terrestrial chalcones, as well as their plant species sources and therapeutic properties. Chapter Four presents a study that tests the basic maximal strength and specific force-time characteristics, and 50% of maximal force indicators in terms of differences in estimating the isometric rate of force development for leg extensors in the context of various athletes. Chapter Five updates the therapeutic indications for theophylline, classification, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, adverse effects, place in therapy and its potential as an agent in the treatment of several illnesses. Chapter Six provides information on the trimester-specific thyroid hormones, diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), pregnancy outcomes in women with SCH, the beneficiary role of LT4 treatment in women with SCH, and the impact of TPOAb or Iodine status on pregnancy outcomes in women with SCH. Chapter Seven focuses on the practical use of acceleration capacity/deceleration capacity detection in growth-restricted fetuses. Lastly, Chapter Eight explains the procedure of open reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. β-Blockers and Kidney Diseases: An Integrative Review
Daniele Canale¹, PhD, Ana Carolina de Bragança², PhD, Rildo Aparecido Volpini², PhD, Desiree Rita Denelle Bernardo¹, Mariana Moura Nascimento¹ and Janaína Garcia Gonçalves³, MD, PhD
¹Laboratorio de Investigacao Medica 12 (LIM12), Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
²Laboratorio de Investigacao Medica 12 (LIM12), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
³Nefrostar Clinic, Dialysis Center, São Paulo, Brazil

Chapter 2. Ceramide and Glucosylceramide: Profligate Ingredients for Skin Care Products
Md. Ashrafuzzaman, Rayesa Haque Rupanti, Nawrin Tasnim and Tasnuba Tabassum Mourin
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Chapter 3. The Role of Natural Chalcones as Therapeutic Bioactive Compounds
M. Conci, MsC and M. Maraschin, PhD
Plant Morphogenesis and Biochemistry Laboratory, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil

Chapter 4. The Influence of an Athletic Background on Leg Extensors’ Isometric Rate of Force Development
Jelena Ivanović¹,³, PhD, Milivoj Dopsaj²,⁴, PhD and Aco Gajević³, PhD
¹Serbian Institute of Sport and Sports Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia
²Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Belgrade University, Belgrade, Serbia
³Faculty of Sport, University “Union Nikola Tesla”, Belgrade, Serbia
⁴Institute of Sport, Tourism and Service, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia

Chapter 5. Theophylline: A Clinical Update
Bettina Sommer¹, Luis M. Montaño², Héctor Solís-Chagoyán³, Bianca S Romero-Martínez², Zuly A. Sánchez-Florentino³, B. Elisa Valladares-Hernández², B. Sofia Hernández-Peña², Eduardo Calixto⁴ and Edgar Flores-Soto²
¹Departamento de Investigación en Hiperreactividad Bronquial, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael, Cosío Villegas, Ciudad de México, México
²Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México
³Neurociencia Cognitiva Evolutiva, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Cognitivas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, México
⁴Departamento de Neurobiología, Dirección de Investigación en Neurociencias, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría “Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz”, Ciudad de México, México

Chapter 6. Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy
Sima Nazarpour¹, PhD and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani², MD
¹Associate Professor, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. / Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
²Professor, Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Chapter 7. Disturbed Fetal Heart Rate Variability as a Marker for Fetal Growth Restriction
Igor Lakhno and Sergei Korovai
Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Chapter 8. Open Reduction Through Limited Posteromedial Approach in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Batuhan Gencer, MD
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sancaktepe Şehit Prof. Dr. İlhan Varank Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye


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