Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 42


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease

BISAC: MED022000; MED035000

This edited volume includes seven chapters, each of which details a recent scientific advancement in health and disease. Chapter One describes polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and elaborates various treatment, therapeutic, and management strategies for PCOS which may help in relieving its economic and social burden. Chapter Two addresses the ethical problems of the use of human fetal cell cultures in the manufacture of vaccines as well as other ethical dilemmas associated with vaccines. Chapter Three reviews fundamental aspects of imaging in the diagnosis of pneumomediastinum, including the normal mediastinal anatomy and relevant variants in plain radiography and computed tomography. Chapter Four summarizes current literature involving fasted exercise and health benefits and discusses the proposed mechanisms, aiming to determine fasted aerobic exercise applicability as a health-promoting strategy. Chapter Five examines the role that aerobic exercise plays in osteoporosis prevention and management, and how different exercise modalities contribute to bone health. Chapter Six reviews the main features of spontaneous pneumomediastinum, both in its asymptomatic and emergent forms, with focus on clinical signs and symptoms, natural course and the differential diagnosis. Lastly, Chapter Seven covers the current strategies for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Genetics of Hyperandrogenism and Insulin Resistance in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Treatment and Therapeutic Strategies
(Humira Jeelani, Sadaf Bashir Dar, Faheem Shehjar, Abida Bhat, Muzamil Farooq, Khalid Bashir Dar, and Dil Afroze – Department of Advanced Centre for Human Genetics, Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India, et al.)

Chapter 2. Ethical Aspects of Immunization
(Darko Richter – Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia)

Chapter 3. Essentials of Pneumomediastinum on Imaging: Relevant Anatomy, Main Causes, Typical Findings and Potential Pitfalls
(Antonio J. Láinez Ramos-Bossini and Regina Gálvez López – Department of Radiology, Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 4. Fasted Exercise and Fat Oxidation: Hope or Hype?
(Andre Luis Lopes, Lizia Nardi Menegassi, Ana Clara Justino Valencio and Randhall Bruce Carteri – ISulbra – South-Brazilian Institute of Courses and Qualifications, Porto Alegre, Brazil, et al.)

Chapter 5. The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Bone Health and Osteoporosis
(Serap Tomruk Sütbeyaz and Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar – University of Health Sciences Kayseri City Training and Research Hospital, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Kayseri, Turkey, et al.)

Chapter 6. Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum: Management of the Spectrum of Clinical Presentations
(Elena Giménez-Gironda and Isabel González López – Emergency department, “San Cecilio” University Hospital, Granada, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 7. Current Strategies for Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
(Anusha Singh and Amitabh Krishna – Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India)


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