Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 33


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease

BISAC: MED000000

This volume comprises 9 chapters, each concerning a recent advancement in health and disease. Chapter 1 critically appraises the current literature related to pediatric obesity and asthma, summarizes the evidence on the impact of excess body fat on the pulmonary system in pediatric asthma patients, and discusses possible mechanisms as well as effective public health strategies for reducing the increasing obesity trend and mitigating asthma risk. Chapter 2 details the nutritional and bioactive composition of lactuca sativa, commonly called lettuce, including its antioxidant, cholesterol-lowering, cardioprotective, neuroprotective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, and anti-cancer properties. Chapter 3 attempts to shed light into the pathogenetic mechanisms connecting metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to the emergence and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma, emphasizing the evolving epidemiological profile of this type of cancer. Chapter 4 is also about lettuce and provides another perspective on the nutritional composition and health benefits among different varieties of the vegetable. Chapter 5 deals with the health promoting effects of onions (allium cepa l.), including their insulin secretagogue effect, hypoglycemic influence, hypolipidemic action, antioxidant effect, cardioprotective effect, gallstone prevention, cancer preventive potential, and digestive stimulant action, all of which are scientifically validated. Chapter 6 remarks on the difficulties associated with diagnosing rare diseases and describes several systems-level interventions that can be expected to limit the diagnostic delays experienced by patients with rare diseases and the frustration associated with years or decades of untreated symptoms. Chapter 7 describes the prevalence and effects of iron deficiency and anemia as well as treatment options for these conditions. Chapter 8 once again focuses on lettuce, this time exploring the nutritional and anti-cancer effects of carotenoids from different varieties of lettuce. Finally, Chapter 9 describes an application for the diagnosis of hypothermia in forensic practice wherein the color difference between blood in the left cardiac chamber and blood in the right cardiac chamber can be examined using a CO-oximeter.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Impact of Pediatric Obesity on Lung Physiology
(Maria Michelle Papamichael, Bircan Erbas, Dimitris Tsoukalas, Catherine Itsiopoulos and Charis Katsardis – La Trobe University, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, Department of Dietetics, Human Nutrition and Sport, Melbourne, Australia, et al.)

Chapter 2. Bioactives of Lactuca sativa: Nutritional and Clinical Importance
(Venkateish VP, Vani Vijay, Nivya Vijayan, Baskaran Vallikannan and Madan Kumar Perumal – Department of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka, India)

Chapter 3. The Role of Metabolic Syndrome in the Changing Evolution of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Rapidly Evolving Landscape
(Lydia K. Spilioti, MD, and Georgios Tsoulfas, MD, PhD – Dpartment of Surgery, Aristotle University School of Medicine, Thessaloniki, Greece)

Chapter 4. Nutritional Facts of Leafy Vegetable Lactuca sativa
(Naveen Jayapala, Madan Kumar Perumal, Revathy Baskaran and Vallikannan Baskaran – Department of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Health Promoting Effects of Onion (Allium cepa L.) ─ the Spicy Vegetable
(Krishnapura Srinivasan – Department of Biochemistry, CSIR – Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India)

Chapter 6. Occam’s Razor, Hickam’s Dictum, and the Odyssey of Rare Disease Diagnosis
(Connor T.A. Brenna – Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CA, US)

Chapter 7. Iron Deficiency Anemia
(Kutay Kırdök, MD, Sadi Furkan Engürülü, MD, Mustafa Şahin, MD, Gülernur Çeltik, MD, Hikmet Akar, MD, and İsmet Aydoğdu – Celal Bayar University Hafsa Sultan Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Turkey, et al.)

Chapter 8. Nutritional and Anti-cancer Effects of Carotenoids from Lactuca sativa
(Vani Vijay, Venkateish VP, Nivya Vijayan, Baskaran Vallikannan and Madan Kumar Perumal – Department of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka, India)

Chapter 9. Diagnostic Application of Co-oximeter for Hypothermia in Forensic Practice
(Naoko Tanaka, Hiroshi Kinoshita, Mostofa Jamal, Asuka Ito, Tadayoshi Yamashita, Mitsuru Kumihashi and Kiyoshi Ameno – Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1, Miki, Kita, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan)


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