Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 23


Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease
BISAC: HEA000000

Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 23 begins with a focus on Sjögren’s syndrome, a multisystem autoimmune disorder caused by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and characterized by hypofunction of the exocrine glands. Signs and symptoms may include musculoskeletal, neurological, hematological, digestive and nephrological manifestations.

The authors present the results of a study that suggest that infrequent and unsystematic supervision, as well as inadequate supervisory skills of in-charges, are critical challenges to effective supervision and leadership. This suggests a need for more frequent supervision and a focus on the importance of training supervisors in supervisory skills, including problem solving and feedback.

The subsequent study analyses the engagement designs and management framework of maternal newborn health and HIV/AIDS services using Mkapa Fellows Program (MFP) II wave 1.

The 2017 WHO Country Capacity Survey responses are studied to assess the global status of cervical cancer prevention and control through the availability of best buys packages service, population coverage and policy cohesion.

A subsequent study attempts to verify whether there are differences in psychosocial risk among police officers from suburban towns and the city center, aiming to identify if localities play a role in the latter.
Later, the current state of the art aspects of the C/D ratio is reviewed in conjunction with its possible clinical impacts, including practical considerations for clinicians.

A focus on multidrug‑resistant tuberculosis is provided, and the authors propose that to improve treatment outcomes, a shorter and more economical 9–12 month treatment regimen is necessary.

The closing article discusses some current techniques used in dementia mitigation, presenting insight into future treatment trends.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Sjögren Syndrome: An Update on Clinical Manifestations and Classification Criteria
(Maroua Sloum, MD, Safa Rahmouni, MD, and Imen Gharsallah, MD, Department of internal medicine, Military Hospital, Tunis EL Manar University, Tunisia)

Chapter 2. Diagnosis of Sjögren Syndrome
(Maroua Slouma, MD, Safa Rahmouni, MD, and Rim Dhahri, MD, Department of Internal medicine, Military Hospital, Tunis EL Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia)

Chapter 3. Health Worker Perceptions and Experiences of Supportive Supervision in Tanzania: A Case of Health Centers and Dispensaries
(Henry A. Mollel, Professor, and Lawrencia D. Mushi, PhD, Department of Health Systems Management, Mzumbe University, Morogoro, Tanzania)

Chapter 4. Improving Maternal Newborn Health, HIV/AIDS Services and Human Resource for Health Challenges in Underserved Areas: Experiences from Mkapa Fellows Program II
(Henry A. Mollel, Professor, and Lawrencia D. Mushi, PhD, Department of Health Systems Management, Mzumbe University, Morogoro, Tanzania)

Chapter 5. Cancer Prevention and Control as Part of Universal Healthcare Coverage: Implications for Cervical Cancer for the World Health Organization 2017 Country Capacity Survey
(Laurie M. Elit, MD, Andre Ilbawi, MD, Catharine G. Lam, MD, Xeuyuan Cao, PhD, and Scott C. Howard, MD, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McMaster University Hamilton, Canada, and others

Chapter 6. Occupational Stress in Spanish Police Officers: Differences between City Center and Suburbs
(Beatriz Talavera-Velasco, PhD, Lourdes Luceño-Moreno, PhD, Yolanda García-Albuerne and Irene Torra-Mohedano, MD, Department of Education, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain, and others)

Chapter 7. The C/D Ratio: A Simple Tool for the Estimation of the Tacrolimus Metabolism Rate
(Gerold Thölking, Katharina Schütte-Nütgen and Stefan Reuter, Department of Medicine D, University of Münster, Münster, Germany, and others)

Chapter 8. Treatment Success Rate in Patients of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Treated with Shorter Drug Regimen under PMDT Services in Amritsar, Punjab
(Manisha Nagpal, MD, and Naresh Chawla, MD, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, Punjab, India, and District TB Officer, Amritsar)

Chapter 9. Dementia Mitigation – Current and Future Trends: A Review Article
(Ethan R. Siegel and John W. DenBoer, PhD, Smart Brain Aging, Scottsdale, AZ, US, and others)


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