Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 16

Lowell T. Duncan (Editor)

Series: Advances in Health and Disease
BISAC: HEA039000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Advances in Health and Disease. Volume 16 first discusses iliopsoas, is a complex musculotendinous unit that acts primarily as a hip flexor, but it is also involved in pelvic stability and trunk balance. Although iliopsoas disorders are one of the most common causes of anterior hip pain in young athletes and active people, tendinopathy may also be described in elderly patients after total hip replacement.

The authors go on to discuss, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a significant enteric pathogen of public health concern that causes toxin-mediated diarrhea in humans. CDI is commonly reported among hospital in-patients undergoing prolonged antibiotic therapy, which disrupts normal gut microflora.

Additionally, schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease caused by trematodes of the genus Schistosoma, is examined. After malaria, schistosomiasis remains the most prevalent tropical disease in the world. Despite significant efforts to control schistosomiasis, the disease remains of considerable public health and economic importance in many developing countries.

The authors describe the clinical and pathological manifestations of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza as experienced firsthand in over a decade of infection in West Africa, and emphasize effective control measures.

A concise summary of pediatric post-laminectomy kyphosis is provided via a discussion of the following areas: the background and pathophysiology of how post-laminectomy kyphosis occurs in a pediatric population, risk factors for kyphosis, methods of prevention and eventual treatment if the kyphotic deformity progresses, and relevant studies of post-laminectomy kyphosis in post-tumor resection and post-spinal cord injury.

A clinical and histopathological overview of subependymal giant cell astrocytomas, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and genetic, is also provided.

Later, the authors explore mucositis, inflammatory and/or ulcerative lesions of the oral and/or gastrointestinal system. It is one of the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy used in cancer treatment.

Similarly explored is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a chronic inflammatory condition of the intestines with an incompletely understood pathophysiology. IBD encompasses gut inflammation which leads to changes in neutrally-controlled functions of the gut including abdominal pain, cramps, urgency to defecate, and diarrhea.

The penultimate chapter focuses on flat foot, a common postural disorder of lower extremity in children. It may occur during the growth and developmental period of children, and has been found to normally reduce with age.

The aim of the closing study is to investigate the occurrence of differences in flexible flatfoot in adolescents who have trained various sports (football, swimming, basketball, team handball, karate) in comparison to the untrained adolescents.

(Imprint: Nova Medicine and Health)

Preface

Chapter 1. Iliopsoas Tendon Pathologies
(Alessandro Aprato, MD, Daniele Camazzola, MD, and Alessandro Massè, MD, Università degli Studi di Torino, S.C.D.U. Ortopedia e Traumatologia 1 AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Torino, Italy)

Chapter 2. Novel Approaches to Control Clostridium difficile Infection
(Abraham Joseph Pellissery, PhD, Shankumar Mooyottu, PhD, and Kumar Venkitanarayanan, PhD, Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, US, and others)

Chapter 3. Schistosomiasis: Epidemiological Aspects in Endemic Areas and Prevalence in Western Countries
(Gaetano Brindicci, Carmen Rita Santoro, Francesco Di Gennaro, Roberta Papagni, Rosa Monno, Giovanni Battista Buccoliero, Laura Monno and Gioacchino Angarano, Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Hospital-University Polyclinic, University of Bari, Bari, Italy, and others)

Chapter 4. Clinical and Pathological Outcome of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Poultry, West Africa
(Clement A. Meseko, DVM, PhD, and Simon D. Jumbo, DVM, Regional Laboratory for Animal Influenza and Transboundary Animal Diseases, National Veteri-nary Research Institute, Vom Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 5. Post-Laminectomy Kyphosis in Children
(Nishit Mummareddy, MD, Scott L. Zuckerman, MD, and Christopher M. Bonfield, MD, Department of Neurological Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, US)

Chapter 6. Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytomas: A Clinicopathologic Review
(Neha Kumar, Richard A. Prayson, MD, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, US, and others)

Chapter 7. Mucositis Treatment
(Melike Demir Doğan, PhD, Associate Professor, Gümüşhane University Faculty of Health Sciences, Nursing Department, Gümüşhane, Turkey)

Chapter 8. Neuroinflammation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
(Shaheen E. Lakhan, MD, PhD, and Muhammad Safwatullah, Global Neuroscience Initiative Foundation, US, and others)

Chapter 9. Pediatric Flexible Flat Foot
(Slavica Dj. Jandrić, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Banja Luka, Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republic of Srpska, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Chapter 10. Flatfoot and Sports Activity in Adolescents
(Slavica Dj. Jandrić, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Banja Luka, Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republic of Srpska, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

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