Advances in Genetics Research. Volume 18

Kevin V. Urbano (Editor)

Series: Advances in Genetics Research
BISAC: MED107000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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In this collection, the authors present research supporting the claim that the study of autochthonous microbial communities is of crucial importance for understanding the genetic and biotechnological potential of bioremediation in environments close to the areas of extraction and susceptible to contamination. They discuss the main characteristics of petroleum, including its exploitation aspects, the process of geological formation, and environmental impacts. Following this, this book suggests that in case of accidental defects occurring in any part of the system, a coordinated counteraction of numerous mediators may successfully help in the restoration of physiologic processes by means of either overexpression or hyperactivity. Even serious defects of genome stabilizer mechanisms may be kept in balance for a long duration, showing the clinical signs of good health.

The authors go on to discuss Rett Syndrome, a rare, neurodevelopmental genetic disorder that develops in early childhood and influences many functions within neurobehavioural domains. The core of phenotype symptoms includes severe linguistic and motor impairments. The correlations between genotype and motor abilities in subjects with Rett Syndrome are discussed. Next, this book examines Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) (also known as Bushy syndrome, Amsterdam dwarfism and Brachmann- de Lange syndrome) a genetic multi system disorder, usually caused by spontaneous mutation. The estimated occurence is about 1:10,000-30,000 births. A separate paper is presented illustrating the clinical variability of cognitive-behavioral phenotype in the different SCAs, determining that a precise identification of the cognitive and behavioral phenotype in different SCAs may enhance the clinical treatment, anticipatory guidance, and care throughout the lifespan. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive, painless brain stimulation treatment, is examined. tDCS uses direct electrical currents of low intensity to stimulate specific parts of the brain.

Preface

Chapter 1. Petroleum Microbiology and Genetics
(Joana Montezano Marques, Carla Thais Moreira Paixão, Gabriel Villar Monte Palma Pantoja, Artur Luiz da Costa da Silva and Diego Assis das Graças, Federal University of Pará, Biological Sciences Institute, Center of Genomics and Systems Biology, Laboratory of Genomics and Bioinformatics, Belém, Pará, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Estrogen Activated ERs Are the Chief Genetic Safeguards of Somatic and Reproductive Health in Mammalians
(Zsuzsanna Suba, National Institute of Oncology, Surgical and Molecular Tumor Pathology Center, Budapest, Hungary)

Chapter 3. Motor Abilities Are Related to Specific Genotypes in Rett Syndrome
(R. A. Fabio, T. Caprì, M. Lotan, G. E. Towey and G. Martino, Cognitive Empowerment Laboratory, Department of Cognitive Science, University of Messina, Via Concezione, Messina, Italy)

Chapter 4. A Longitudinal Study on the Development of a Boy with Fragile X Syndrome: Developmental Trends and Adaptive Changes in a Single Case Report
(María Auxiliadora Robles-Bello, PhD, Nieves Valencia-Naranjo, PhD, and David Sánchez-Teruel3 PhD, Asociación Síndrome de Down de Jaén y provincial, Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain, and others)

Chapter 5. Cornelia De Lange Syndrome: A Review
(Elizabeth A. M. Frost, MD, Clinical Professor of Anesthesia, Icahn Medical Center at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA)

Chapter 6. Cognitive-Behavioral Phenotype in Klinefelter Syndrome (KS) and Other Sex Chromosomal Aneuplodies (SCAs): Clinical Variability
(A. P. Verri, C. D’Angelo, A. Cremante, F. Clerici, A. Mauri and C. Castelletti, IRCCS National Neurological Institute “C. Mondino” Foundation, Laboratorio di Psicologia Cognitivo-Comportamentale, Pavia, Italy)

Chapter 7. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Cognitive Empowerment for the Functional Recovery of Diseases with Chronic Impairment and Genetic Etiopathogenesis
(Antonio Gangemi, Tindara Caprì, Rosa Angela Fabio, Paola Puggioni, Alessandra Maria Falzone and Gabriella Martino, Cognitive Empowerment Laboratory, Department of Cognitive Science, University of Messina, Messina, Italy, and others)

Index

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