Advances in Environmental Research. Volume 98


Justin A. Daniels (Editor)

Series: Advances in Environmental Research
BISAC: SCI026000

This book is a compilation of eight chapters on environmental research. The book starts off with Chapter One explaining what soil respiration is and why it matters. In Chapter Two, authors explain their findings after monitoring ground thermal regimes on the Ojos del Salado. The third chapter discusses the use of MNPs in electronic devices, highlighting the benefits and challenges of their incorporation in such devices. In Chapter Four, projected trends of ozone and PM2.5 are discussed under different shared socioeconomic pathways. The fifth chapter focuses on the many forms, mechanisms, influencing factors, and relevance of soil respiration. In Chapter Six, the authors studied variations in the physicochemical properties of the polymethyl acrylate, block, and grafted copolymers of crab chitosan with methyl acrylate under the influence of micromycetes (Aspergillus terreus, and Penicillium cyclopium). In Chapter Seven, the dynamics of urban morphology was assessed over a fast-growing tropical megacity and its neighboring districts using geospatial techniques and satellite imagery. In Chapter Eight, a brief description of the NAA methodology, as well as examples of the results of experimental studies on the biogeochemistry of poorly studied trace elements are given. 

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. What Is Soil Respiration and Why It Matters
S. Sivaranjani¹, Vijender Pal Panwar², and Nirmalya Bala²
¹G. B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Northeast Regional Centre, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India
²Forest Ecology and Climate Change Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India

Chapter 2. Exploring the Highest Atacama: Where the Desert Meets the Tundra – Water-Related Processes in the Cold-Dry Environment
Balázs Nagy¹, Sebastián Ruiz Pereira², József Kovács³, Andrea Borsodi⁴, Zoltán Kern⁵, Gábor Mihajlik⁶, and Ádám Ignéczi⁷
¹Department of Physical Geography, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
²Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Chile
³Department of Physical and Applied Geology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
⁴Department of Microbiology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
⁵Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy
and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Budapest, Hungary
⁶Department of Atomic Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
⁷Bristol Glaciology Centre, School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Chapter 3. Multifunctional Magnetic Nanoparticles: From Synthesis to Applications in Electronic, Biological and Agricultural Applications
Huda F. Khalil¹, Sara Gad¹, Sherif G. Elsharkawy², Sameh E. Abuneama³, and Mohamed Hafez⁴
¹Electronics Materials Department, Advanced Technology and New Material Institute (ATNMI), City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications (SRTA-City), Alexandria, Egypt
²Basic and Applied Sciences, College of Engineering and Technology, AASTMT, Alexandria, Egypt
³Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt
⁴Land and Water Technologies Department, Arid Lands Cultivation Research Institute (ALCRI),City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications (SRTA-City), New Borg El-Arab, Egypt

Chapter 4. Short-Lived Climate Forcers in the Milieu of Climate Change
Surat Dewan and Anita Lakhani
Department of Chemistry, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, India

Chapter5. Soil Respiration: Types, Mechanism, Affecting Factors and Significance
Pooja Arora and Smita Chaudhry
Institute of Environmental Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Chapter 6. The Effect of Biodegradation on the Physicochemical Properties of Grafted and Block Copolymers of Chitosan with Methyl Acrylate
Vladimir Uryash¹, Nadezhda Kokurina¹, Larisa Smirnova¹, Alla Mochalova¹, Vasili Smirnov¹ and Iliya Kalashnikov²
¹Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Research Institute of Chemistry, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
²Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

Chapter 7. Directional Mapping of Urban Sprawl and Altered Patterns of Landscape Structure over the National Capital Region of India
Marcos A. Coronado¹, José R. Ayala¹, and Laura J. Pérez²
¹Autonomous University of Baja California, Institute of Engineering, Mexico
²Autonomous University of Baja California, Faculty of Engineering, Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico

Chapter 8. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis in Environmental Studies
I. Shtangeeva
Institute of Earth Sciences, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia


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